1. Some employers want to be able to contact their staff at all times, even on holidays. Does this development have more advantages than disadvantages?
Some employers or managers want their junior colleagues at their reach not only on working days but also on holidays. This trend brings several benefits to the people. However, it also has some drawbacks.
With regards the merits, the first advantage of working in spare time is people could play an important role in saving more lives. To explain, some professions in the world demand the employers to be able to contact their staff even on holidays. For instance, medical or nursing professionals should always be ready to attend to the emergencies that occur in order to save people’s life regardless of holidays. Another benefit of working on holidays for the employees is that they get paid for their work or overtime. It can contribute to monthly income of the workers. Furthermore, the company also benefits economically if the employee is ready to work without bothering about the holidays.
On the flip side, people find it difficult and tiring to work without adequate off days. There are several employees who do not want to receive even a single phone call from their employers when they are at home or on holiday because it makes them stressed out. Majority of the people do not want to be interrupted by their bosses since they want to get relaxed or refreshed on their holidays. Moreover, research indicates that people who work without getting enough rest often fail to concentrate on the task they are given the next day. It may affect the company’s productivity.
To conclude, even though both the employers and the employees benefit from getting their work done on holidays, it can have many negative sides. This may cause increased pressure and stress on the employees .so I believe the disadvantages are more obvious than advantages.
2.Work-More and more people are moving away from an agricultural background to relocate to cities in order to look for work. What will be the consequences of this? What solutions can you offer?
To seek better job opportunities, many famers and fishers are leaving their hometown and migrate to cities especially metropolis, there are some inevitable influences following this trend, and the resolutions will be descried in this essay.
As for the main problem for anyone who hopes to migrate from country side into a large city is that the cost of living is likely to be much higher than it is in a small town or village. These new inhabitants of cities have to pay higher prices for housing, transport, and even food. Another issue is that the air quality in cities will be poorer, due to expanding pollution from traffic, and the streets and public transport systems are usually overcrowded when there are a great number migrants from agricultural area. What’s more, it will aggravate the economical imbalance between cities and agricultural regions because of the lost in work-force of local.
However, there are various steps that governments could take to tackle these problems. Firstly, they could invest money in the building of affordable or social housing to reduce the cost of living for those who come from rural area. Secondly, politicians have the power to ban vehicles from city centers and promote the use of cleaner public transport, which would help to reduce both air pollution and traffic congestion. In Shanghai, for example, the introduction of a congestion charge for drivers has helped to curb the traffic problem. A third option would be to develop provincial towns and rural areas, by moving industry and jobs to those regions, in order to reduce the pressure on major cities as well as create more job opportunities for people there.
In conclusion, governments could certainly implement a range of measures to enhance the quality of life for the new settlers from villages as well as encouraging more investment there to make more jobs.
Work- 3 Completing university education is thought by some to be the best way to get a good job. On the other hand, other people think that getting experience and developing soft skills is more important. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
Some people believe that getting a university degree will improve their career prospects while others insist that work experience and interpersonal skills are more important than university education. In my opinion, experience is certainly important but it is not as vital as a degree.
To begin with, experience and soft skills certainly matter. In many industries employers will only hire people who have previous work experience in the same sector. By hiring experienced employers, they can eliminate the costs involved in training new employees. Soft skills are also indispensable now. Gone are the days when employees could finish tasks on their own. Now they require team effort. Also in this age of globalization businesses operate from multiple locations from across the globe. In this scenario, an employee requires good interpersonal skills to communicate with a customer or a client living in another part of the globe.
However, experience and soft skills alone will not help much when it comes to some professions required a related degree. To be specific, jobs have become more complicated these days and it is not possible to perform them without adequate knowledge and training in universities. For example, a person cannot practice as a doctor or an advocate without getting a degree in medicine or law. Actually, most jobs that offer good salaries actually belong to this category and only a candidate who has spent five or six years at university can apply for them. Thus, in order to get hired, the first thing students need is a university degree. What’s more, nowadays, universities impart much more than theoretical knowledge. They conduct workshops to give students hands-on experience and also provides students an opportunity to interact with others and improve their communication skills.
In conclusion, experience is certainly important and in some sectors, it is indispensable. However, in my opinion, experience alone will not help a person. In fact, in this age where most jobs require specialist knowledge, most employers would not even bother to hire someone who lacks a university degree.
4. Some people think that only staff who worked in a company for a long time should be promoted to a higher position. What's your opinion? Band 9
One of the reasons why companies choose to promote some staff is seniority. While length of service is undoubtedly an important factor, my belief is it should certainly not be the only criterion for deciding who should be promoted. Rather it would be better for companies to have a more varied policy in this area.
There are without question sound arguments for promoting employees who have been working for a company for a number of years. The first of these is that these more experienced employees would be able to adapt themselves to being in a higher position, as they they would understand the culture and policies of the company better. Again, on a practical level, if they were not promoted, they might well leave the company to find a higher position and earn a larger salary. This could have serious consequences for the company, which might lose a signifiicant amount of business to its competitors.
Despite these reasons, there is a strong argument in favour of also promoting staff because of their performance. This can be seen by how some muti-nationals use annual performance and development reviews when deciding on promotion. Under this system a supervisor can set targets for an employee and if those targets are met, then the employee can be promoted, even if they are relatively junior. The benefit of this approach is that it encourages staff to work harder and rewards merit and not just long service.
In conclusion, there is no doubt a case for implementing a policy of promoting long- serving members of staff, but I believe that it is also wise to take account of the performance of more junior members of staff.