剑桥雅思13精听Test2Section3

日期:2018/12/30
剑桥雅思13精听Test2Section3

Test2 Section3

英文精听

Ah... come in, Russ. Thank you.

Now you wanted to consult me about your class presentation on nanotechnology

you're due to give it in next week, aren't you?

That's right. And I'm really struggling.

I chose the topic because I didn't know much about it and wanted to learn more.

But now I've read so much about it, in a way there's too much to say.

I could talk for much longer than the twenty minutes I've been allocated.

Should I assume the other students don't know much, and give them a kind of general introduction?

Or should I try and make them share my fascination with a particular aspect?

You could do either, but you'll need to have it clear in your own mind.

Then I think I'll give an overview.

  1. Now, one way of approaching this is to work through developments in chronological order. Uh-huh.

On the other hand, you could talk about the numerous ways that nanotechnology is being applied.

You mean things like thin films on camera displays to make them water-repellent,

and additives to make motorcycle helmets stronger and lighter.

Exactly. Or another way would be to focus on its impact in one particular area, say medicine, or space exploration.

That would make it easier to focus.

Perhaps I should do that.

I think that would be a good idea.

Right. How important is it to include slides in the presentation?

They aren't essential, by any means.

And there's a danger of tailoring what you say to fit whatever slides you can find.

While it can be good to include slides, you could end up spending too long looking for suitable ones.

You might find it better to leave them out. I see.

Another thing I was wondering about was how to start.

I know presentations often begin with "First I'm going to talk about this, and then I'll talk about that",

but I thought about asking the audience what they know about nanotechnology.

That would be fine if you had an hour or two for the presentation,

but you might find that you can't do anything with the answers you get.

And it simply eats into the short time that's available.

So, maybe I should mention a particular way that nanotechnology is used, to focus people's attention.

That sounds sensible. What do you think I should do next?

I really have to plan the presentation today and tomorrow.

Well, initially I think you should ignore all the notes you've made, take a small piece of paper,

and write a single short sentence that ties together the whole presentation.

It can be something as simple as "Nanotechnology is already improving our lives".

Then start planning the content around that.

You can always modify that sentence later, if you need to. OK.

OK, now let's think about actually giving the presentation.

You've only given one before, if I remember correctly, about an experiment you'd been involved in.

That's right. It was pretty rubbish!

Let's say it was better in some respects than in others.

With regard to the structure, I felt that you ended rather abruptly, without rounding it off.

Be careful not to do that in next week's presentation. OK.

And you made very little eye contact with the audience, because you were looking down at your notes most of the time.

You need to be looking at the audience and only occasionally glancing at your notes. Mmm.

Your body language was a little odd.

Every time you showed a slide, you turned your back on the audiences so you could look at it.

You should have been looking at your laptop.

And you kept scratching your head, so I found myself wondering when you were next going to do that,

instead of listening to what you were saying!

Oh dear. What did you think of the language?

I knew that not everyone was familiar with the subject, so I tried to make it as simple as I could.

Yes, that came across.

You used a few words that are specific to the field, but you always explained what the meant.

So the audience wouldn't have had any difficulty understanding. Uh-huh.

I must say the handouts you prepared were well thought out.

They were a good summary of your presentation, which people would be able to refer to later on.

So well done on that. Thank you.

Well, I hope that helps you with next week's presentation.

Yes, it will. Thanks a lot.

I'll look forward to seeing a big improvement, then.

 

 

中英对照

Ah... come in, Russ. Thank you.

Russ,请进。谢谢。

Now you wanted to consult me about your class presentation on nanotechnology

你想咨询我一些你关于纳米科技的课堂展示的事情

you're due to give it in next week, aren't you?

你下周进行展示,对吧?

That's right. And I'm really struggling.

是的。我现在还在挣扎中。

I chose the topic because I didn't know much about it and wanted to learn more.

我选择这个话题是因为我并不是很了解,所以想学习更多相关知识。

But now I've read so much about it, in a way there's too much to say.

但是现在我读了太多相关的东西,所以要说的太多了。

I could talk for much longer than the twenty minutes I've been allocated.

我能说的时间,要比分配给我的二十分钟长很多。

Should I assume the other students don't know much, and give them a kind of general introduction?

我是应该认为其他学生懂得不多,然后给他们一些大概的介绍呢?

Or should I try and make them share my fascination with a particular aspect?

还是应该和他们分享我最喜欢的一个特定的方面?

You could do either, but you'll need to have it clear in your own mind.

这两种都可以,但是你自己心里应该很清楚。

Then I think I'll give an overview.

那我觉得我会给大家一个概述。

  1. Now, one way of approaching this is to work through developments in chronological order. Uh-huh.

好的。要这样做的话,一种方式就是用时间顺序来串起来它的发展过程。嗯嗯。

On the other hand, you could talk about the numerous ways that nanotechnology is being applied.

另一方面,你可以讨论一下纳米不同的应用方式。

You mean things like thin films on camera displays to make them water-repellent,

你的意思是像相机显示屏上的能够防水的薄膜,

and additives to make motorcycle helmets stronger and lighter.

让摩托车头盔更加结实、轻便的这些东西吗。

Exactly. Or another way would be to focus on its impact in one particular area, say medicine, or space exploration.

是的。或者,另一种方式可以是侧重于纳米科技对某个特定领域的影响,比如说医药,或者是太空探索等。

That would make it easier to focus.

这更加简单一点。

Perhaps I should do that.

或许我应该那么做。

I think that would be a good idea.

我觉得那是个好主意。

Right. How important is it to include slides in the presentation?

是的。在演讲展示中使用幻灯片很重要吗?

They aren't essential, by any means.

并不是必须的。

And there's a danger of tailoring what you say to fit whatever slides you can find.

有一个风险就是让你要说的话去配合你找到的幻灯片。

While it can be good to include slides, you could end up spending too long looking for suitable ones.

尽管使用幻灯片确实不错,但是你可能会花太多时间寻找合适的幻灯片。

You might find it better to leave them out. I see.

你可能会觉得最好还是不用幻灯片了。我懂了。

Another thing I was wondering about was how to start.

另一件事情是我还在思考如何开场。

I know presentations often begin with "First I'm going to talk about this, and then I'll talk about that",

我知道一般的演讲都是以"首先我要说一下这个,其次我要说一下那个"开始,

but I thought about asking the audience what they know about nanotechnology.

但是我想问问观众对于纳米科技都知道什么。

That would be fine if you had an hour or two for the presentation,

如果你有一两个小时来演讲的话,那应该是可以的,

but you might find that you can't do anything with the answers you get.

但是你可能会发现,尽管有了那些答案,你也不能做什么事情。

And it simply eats into the short time that's available.

这只会白白浪费本身就很短的时间。

So, maybe I should mention a particular way that nanotechnology is used, to focus people's attention.

所以,我应该提一下纳米技术应用的具体方式,来吸引大家的注意力。

That sounds sensible. What do you think I should do next?

听起来不错。那您觉得我接下来应该怎么做呢?

I really have to plan the presentation today and tomorrow.

我必须在今明两天之内构思好我的演讲。

Well, initially I think you should ignore all the notes you've made, take a small piece of paper,

恩,首先我觉得你应该把你做的笔记放到一边,拿出一张小小的纸,

and write a single short sentence that ties together the whole presentation.

然后写下一句能够将整个演讲串联起来的很短的话。

It can be something as simple as "Nanotechnology is already improving our lives".

可以是像"纳米科技正在提升我们的生活质量"的这种话。

Then start planning the content around that.

然后围绕这句话开始构思。

You can always modify that sentence later, if you need to. OK.

如果你需要的话,后面还可以继续修改那句话。好的。

OK, now let's think about actually giving the presentation.

好的,那我们现在来想想真正演讲的事情。

You've only given one before, if I remember correctly, about an experiment you'd been involved in.

如果我没记错的话,你以前只演讲过一次,是关于你参加的一个实验。

That's right. It was pretty rubbish!

是的。做得太糟糕了!

Let's say it was better in some respects than in others.

应该说它有长处也有短处。

With regard to the structure, I felt that you ended rather abruptly, without rounding it off.

就结构而言,我觉得你结束的太突然了,完成度不够。

Be careful not to do that in next week's presentation. OK.

注意下次演讲的时候不要再这样了。好的。

And you made very little eye contact with the audience, because you were looking down at your notes most of the time.

你和观众的眼神接触也很少,因为你大多数时间一直都在看你的笔记。

You need to be looking at the audience and only occasionally glancing at your notes. Mmm.

你需要看着观众们,然后偶尔扫一眼你的笔记。嗯嗯。

Your body language was a little odd.

你的肢体语言有点奇怪。

Every time you showed a slide, you turned your back on the audiences so you could look at it.

每次你放幻灯片的时候,为了看到幻灯片,你会转身背对着观众。

You should have been looking at your laptop.

你应该在你的笔记本上看的。

And you kept scratching your head, so I found myself wondering when you were next going to do that,

而且你一直在挠头,我感觉我一直在想你下次会在什么时候挠头,

instead of listening to what you were saying!

而不是专心地听你在说什么!

Oh dear. What did you think of the language?

哦天哪。那你觉得语言怎么样呢?

I knew that not everyone was familiar with the subject, so I tried to make it as simple as I could.

我知道不是每个人都很熟悉这个话题,所以我尽量让它更加简单。

Yes, that came across.

是的,那是对的。

You used a few words that are specific to the field, but you always explained what the meant.

你使用了一些这个领域特定的词汇,但是你每次都会解释单词的意思。

So the audience wouldn't have had any difficulty understanding. Uh-huh.

所以观众理解起来没有困难。嗯嗯。

I must say the handouts you prepared were well thought out.

不得不说,你准备的讲义考虑很周到。

They were a good summary of your presentation, which people would be able to refer to later on.

很好地总结了你的演讲,大家后来也可以作为参考。

So well done on that. Thank you.

做得很好。谢谢。

Well, I hope that helps you with next week's presentation.

好的,希望这些对你下周的演讲有所帮助。

Yes, it will. Thanks a lot.

是的,当然会。非常感谢。

I'll look forward to seeing a big improvement, then.

我期待见到你更明显的提升。

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