雅思写作常用词汇——背下这121个拿雅思6分

日期:2018/06/26
雅思写作常用词汇——背下这121个拿雅思6分

雅思写作是不是掌握了常用雅思词汇就能拿到合适分数?不,雅思写作考试的词汇不仅要记得,还有会用,用得准确。当然前提是雅思写作小作文的任务完成和雅思大作文的任务呼应要完成,包成你的雅思文章是有逻辑的,你的雅思句型是多变的,你的雅思词汇运用是丰富的。麦考瑞雅思老师为同学们从雅思考官范文里准备了一些常用雅思写作话题必备词汇一共121个,背下这些雅思词汇,仔细看一下例句甚至背诵效果更佳。麦考瑞雅思老师还建议记忆雅思词汇时要学会造句以加深印象。

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雅思写作教育类常用词汇:

graduate


To complete a first university degree successfully


I ;graduated ;from the University of Salford in 2009.

My ;graduation ;ceremony was in 2009.

Curriculum


The group of subjects studied in a school, college, etc.


Schools must ensure they have an excellent ;curriculum.

Qualification


An official record showing that you have finished a training course or have the necessary skills, etc


Good ;qualifications ;are really important if you want to get a well-paid job.

I am ;qualified ;to teach English.

Coursework


Regular work done by students as part of a course, but assessed independently of formal exams. ;


The ;coursework ;on my degree was really difficult.

Co-educational


When male and female students are taught together in the same school or college rather than separately


Co-educational ;schools prepare students for their future better than ;single-sex ;schools.

Cheat


To behave in a dishonest way in order to get what you want


He did really well in his exams but he ;cheated. He copied from a friend.

Cheating ;on exams is not recommended.

Literacy


The ability to read and write.


Literacy ;rates have declined considerably in Western countries over the last decade.

However, most children are ;literate.

Illiterate


Unable to read and write


Many children in the poorest countries are ;illiterate.

Primary (elementary) Education


First years of formal education from around age 5 to 11. ;


A good ;primary education ;is crucial for a child's development.

Secondary Education


Education during the time as a teenager.


I loved it at my ;secondary school ;as I had so many friends.

Higher (tertiary) Education


Non-compulsory education after finishing school, such as university, as well as vocational education and training at colleges.


60% of children now go into ;higher education ;after they finish school.

Concentrate


To direct your attention or your efforts towards a particular activity, subject or problem


It is difficult to ;concentrate ;on my work if there is a lot of noise.

I keep losing ;concentration ;due to the noise.

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雅思写作犯罪类常用词汇:

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Legislation

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A law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament.

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There needs to be changes to crime-related ;legislation.

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Deter

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To make someone less enthusiastic about doing something by threatening bad results if they do it.

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Tougher prison sentences may ;be ;a ;deterrent ;toother would-be offenders.

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Offender

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Someone who is guilty of a crime.

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Prison should not be used for first-time ;offenders.

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Punish

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To cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc

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Those responsible for serious crimes must bepunished.

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Prevention

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When you stop something from happening or stop someone from doing something.

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The government should focus on the ;prevention ;of crime rather than introducing harsher prison sentences.

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Commit

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To do something illegal or something that is considered wrong.

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People who ;commit ;serious crimes should be given lengthy (long) prison sentences.

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Criminal

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A person who commits a crime.

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Criminals who ;commit ;violent crimes should not be given probation.

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Probation

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A period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison.

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Probation ;is a good way to reduce prison overcrowding, but it must only be used for those who have committed minor crimes.

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Rehabilitate

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To return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living.

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It is important to ;rehabilitate ;criminals while they are in prison otherwise they may re-offend (commit a crime again) when they are released from prison.

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Guilt

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Having done something wrong or committed a crime.

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If jurors (the members of a jury) find a defendantguilty, then that person must be punished.

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Jury

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A group of people chosen to decide in a court of law if someone is guilty of a crime or not.

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To ensure fairness in a criminal trial, there must be a ;jury.

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Convict

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To decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime.

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He has been ;convicted ;of arson (starting a fire intentionally to damage something) two times now.

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Fine

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Being made to pay money for breaking the law.

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Motorists should be given ;a fine ;if they are caught speeding.

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Imprisonment

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Being put in prison.

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Murderers are usually given life ;imprisonment.

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Community Service

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Work that people do to help other people without payment, and which young criminals whose crime was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are sometimes ordered to do.

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Community service ;is a good alternative to prison for minor offences.

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Justice

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Fairness in the way people are dealt with.

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Those who commit assaults must be imprisoned because the victims want ;justice.

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Victim

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Someone who has suffered because of the actions of someone else.

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The ;victims ;of crime often need help and support to recover from their bad experience.

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雅思写作健康类常用词汇:

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Overweight

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Fat

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70% of the population is now ;overweight ;according to official figures.

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Obesity

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Extrememly fat or overweight.

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Obesity ;is now a real problem for teenagers.

Teenagers who are ;obese ;are often bullied at school.

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Eating Disorder

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A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies.

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Bulimia and anorexia are types of ;eating disorder. Both are becoming more common.

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Nutrients

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Any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow.

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A healthy diet should consist of all the essential ;nutrients.

This meal is very ;nutritious.

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Diet

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The food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group.

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When someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons.

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It is important to have a healthy ;diet. People must eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.

I've been on a ;diet ;now for four weeks, and I've lost about one kilo.

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Overeating

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Eating more than your body needs.

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There is evidence that ;overeating ;is one of the main causes of obesity..

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Ingredients

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A food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish.

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The ;ingredients ;of the dish include nuts, raisins, and parsley.

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Allergy

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A condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances.

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Allergies ;are becoming more common, and this could be connected to diet.

If I eat nuts, I have an ;allergic ;reaction. I cannot breath properly.

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Additive

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A substance which is added to food in order to improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it.

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This food is full of ;additives ;so I'm not going to eat it.

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Prevent

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To stop something from happening.

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Lots of exercise will ;prevent ;a heart attack.

The ;prevention ;of health problems should be encouraged by the government. For example, they could ban the advertising of fast food to children.

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Variety

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Often changing and being different.

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When preparing meals, you need to think about ;variety ;and taste as well as nutritional value.

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Appetite

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When you want to eat food.

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All that exercise has given me an ;appetite.

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Fibre

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A substance in foods such as fruit, vegetables and brown bread, which travels through the body as waste and helps the contents of the bowels to pass through the body easily.

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A diet that is high in ;fibre ;is important in order to maintain a healthy body.

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Regular

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Happening or doing something often.

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Regular ;physical exercise is important for good health.

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Vitamins

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Any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body.

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Many people take ;vitamin ;supplements these days in order to keep their body healthy.

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Diabetes

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A disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood.

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Diabetes ;is becoming much more prevalent ( ;= common or widespread) amongst children.

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Health

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The condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well.

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Fruit has several ;health benefits.

Elderly people can have many ;health problems.

The ;health care ;in the country is deteriorating ( = ;getting worse).

There may be ;health risks ;from eating too much red meat.

Health education ;is very important if we are to prevent illness and reduce medical costs.

Sweden has one of the best ;health systems ;in the world.

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The population of the country is in ;good health.

Lack of exercise can lead to ;poor health.

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He has a very ;healthy diet.

I have a ;healthy appetite.

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雅思写作工作类常用词汇:

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Employee

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Someone who is paid to work for someone else.

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The company has several hundred ;employees.

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Employer

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A person or organization that employs people.

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Employers ;monitor their employees very carefully these days.

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Employment

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When someone is paid to work for a company or organization.

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Due to the recession, there are thousands of people looking for ;employment.

I was ;employed ;in the company for several years.

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Unemployment

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Not working.

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Levels of ;unemployment ;in the economy have been rapidly increasing.

He has been ;unemployed ;for 6 months now.

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Commute

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To make the same journey regularly between work and home

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It is taking longer for people to ;commute ;to work because of traffic problems.

Commuting ;to work everyday by bus is tiring.

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Occupation

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Formal way to say 'job'.

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What is your ;occupation?

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Career

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Working life or a particular job during one's working life that gets better in terms of salary and position.

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He is retired now but he had an amazing ;career ;( = succesful working life).

He hopes to have a ;career ;in the army

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Profession

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Any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill, often one which is respected because it involves a high level of education.

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The teaching ;profession ;is not as good as it used to be because salaries have decreased.

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Salary / Wages

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Money paid each month to an employee for their work.

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Public sector ;salaries ;are not keeping up with inflation.

He receives a good ;wage ;because he works for a prestigious company.

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Public Sector

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Businesses and industries that are owned or controlled by the government.

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You get a good pension if you work for the ;public sector, but the salary is not always so good.

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Private Sector

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Businesses and industries that are ;privately owned.

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Most graduates hope to work in the ;private sectorwhen they finish university as there are more opportunities and the pay is better than the public sector.

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Retire

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To stop working because of old age or ill health.

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The ;retirement ;age ;in most countries is 65.

He had to ;retire ;early due to ill health.

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Flexitime

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Working a fixed number of hours but having flexibility with start and finish times.

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They have introduced ;flexitime ;at my work place so I usually start at 10am now and finish at 6pm.

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Resign / Quit

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To leave a job.

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He ;resigned ;from his job yesterday.

Don't ;quit ;your job unless you have another one to start.

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Fire / Sack /

Dismiss

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To remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong

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He was ;fired / sacked / dismissed ;because he was late for work every day.

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Vacancy

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A job position that is not filled and so is available.

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I spoke to the company and they said they had several ;vacancies.

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Overtime

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Working more than your contracted hours.

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The employees often work ;overtime ;but they are not given extra money so it is not fair.

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Shift

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The time worked in a job that is not normal hours.

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She is a nurse so she has to work in ;shifts. One week she does the ;morning shift, and then the next week she will do the ;night shift.

Shift work ;can be very tiring.

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雅思写作信息科技类常用词汇:

Access


The right to use or look at something


Everybody should have ;access to ;the internet.

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Advanced


Modern and well developed


Technological advances ;have brought many benefits to the world.

Japan has very ;advanced technology ;(not 'high' technology!).

Automation


To make a process in a factory or office operate by machines or computers, in order to reduce the amount of work done by humans and the time taken to do the work


The ;automation of ;production processes has led to increased unemployment.

Many production processes these days are ;automated.

Connection


When something joins or is joined to something else, or the part or process that makes this possible


Most people are ;connected to ;the internet these days.

Having a ;connection ;to the internet is important.

I often have problems ;connecting ;to the internet.

Communication


The act of communicating with people


Email has made ;communication, especially abroad, much simpler and faster.

Communicating ;with people by email is very easy.

Device


An object or machine which has been invented for a particular purpose


It is important to have some kind of communication ;device ;such as a mobile telephone or the internet.

Innovation


A new idea or method


Smart phones are the latest ;innovation ;in computer technology.

Steve Jobs was a great ;innovator.

Invention


Something which has never been made before, or the process of creating something which has never been made before


The world changed rapidly after the ;invention ofthe telephone.

Many useful devices ;have been invented ;over the last few decades.

Machine


A piece of equipment with several moving parts which uses power to do a particular type of work


Factories now make use of ;machines ;to do a lot of the work humans used to do.

Machinary ;does most of the work in factories.

Up-to-date


Modern, recent, or containing the latest information


Teenagers think it is important to have the most ;up-to-date ;technology.

User-friendly


If something, especially something related to a computer, is user-friendly, it is simple for people to use


Modern mobile phones such as the i-phone are very ;user-friendly.

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雅思写作环境类常用词汇:

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The

Environment

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The air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live.

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More must be done to protect ;the ;environmentfrom pollution.

Environmental ;problems are becoming very severe in many countries.

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Climate

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The weather conditions generally present in an area or over a long period.

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The mediteranean region tends to have a mild ;climate ;over the winter.

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Climate

Change

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The change in global climate patterns which appeared from the mid to late 20th century onwards, caused mainly by the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

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The ;climate ;around the world ;has been changingrapidly over the last decade.

Climate Change ;is one of the most serious problems that the world is facing today.

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Carbon

Dioxide

(CO2)

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The gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out.

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The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of ;carbon dioxide ;into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming.

Trees absorb ;carbon dioxide.

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Fossil

Fuels

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A natural fuel such as coal, gas, or oil formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.

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Some people do not believe that human's reliance on ;fossil fuels ;is to blame for global warming.

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Global

Warming

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A gradual rise in the world's temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space.

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Deforestation is contributing to ;global warmingbecause trees absorb carbon dioxide.

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Deforestation

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Cutting down and clearing areas of forest.

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Deforestation ;is destroying animal habitats.

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Habitat

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The natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives.

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With so many areas of woodland being cut down, a lot of wildlife is losing its natural ;habitat.

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Ecosystem

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All the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment.

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The world has a delicately balanced ;ecosystem, and pollution can damange this.

The marine (= ;related to the sea) ;ecosystem ;was baldy damaged by the oil spill..

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Biodiversity

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The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable.

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The rich and diverse ;biodiversity ;of our planet must be protected.

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Contamination

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To make something less pure by exposing it to poisonous or polluting substances.

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The water has been ;contaminated ;by the release of toxic chemicals into the river.

The water supply is being tested for ;contamination.

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Toxic /

Toxin

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Poisonous / A poisonous substance

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The dumping (= ;disposing of something in a careless way) of ;toxic ;waste has contaminated the area.

Leaded fuel from cars releases ;toxins ;into the air which can affect the brain.

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Waste

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A material or substance which is eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process.

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The Green Party opposes any kind of nuclear ;waste ;being dumped at sea.

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Emission

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The production and discharge of something.

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Emissions ;from car exhausts cause pollution around cities.

Carbon dioxide ;emissions ;must be reduced.

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Erosion

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To graually reduce or destroy.

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Over-farming causes soil ;erosion.

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Drought

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A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.

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The severe ;drought ;this year has led to the loss of many lives.

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Pollution

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Damage caused to water, air, land etc. by harmful substances or waste.

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Environmental ;pollution ;must be a top priority of governments.

The air around the factory is very ;polluted.

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Sustainable

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Causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time.

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Countries need to promote ;sustainabledevelopment in order to protect the environment from further damage.

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雅思写作科学类常用词汇:

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Placebo

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A drug which has no physical effects, used in pharmaceutical tests to compare the physical effects of taking a real drug from its psychological effects.

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She was given a ;placebo, not the real drug, but she said she felt much better.

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Placebo

Effect

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The placebo effect ;is when someone's condition improves because they think they are taking medicine.

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She was given a ;placebo, not the real drug, but she said she felt much better- that's the ;placebo effect.

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A side

effect

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An extra, usually bad, occurrence caused by taking a drug.

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Drugs should not be tested on animals because there are many possible ;side effects.

Much of today's modern medicine has ;side effects. I prefer alternative therapies.

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Proof

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To show a particular result after a period of time.

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The amount of evidence that scientists now have ;proves ;that climate change is being caused by humans.

We now have ;proof ;that climate change is caused by human activity.

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Experiment

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A test done in order to learn something or to find out whether something works or is true

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Experimenting ;on animals is necessary in order to discover if new drugs are dangerous or not.

Scientists are conducting ;experiments ;to test the effectiveness of the new drug.

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Gene

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A part of the DNA in a cell which contains information in a special pattern received by each animal or plant from its parents, and which controls its physical development, behaviour, etc

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Genes ;are an important factor in personaility development.

The doctors think his illness was ;genetic. It came from his mother because she had the same illness when she was young.

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Genetic

Engineering /

Modification

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Changing the structure of the genes of a living thing in order to make it healthier or stronger or more useful to humans.

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There is evidence that ;genetically modifiedfood is harmful to humans.

Some plants have been ;genetically engineeredto be resistant to herbicides.

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Genetically

Modified

Organisms

(GMOs)

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Plants, animals or micro organisms that have changed through genetic engineering.

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Most commercialised ;GMO ;crop plants are insect resistant and/or herbicide tolerant.

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Clone

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A plant or animal which has the same ;genes ;as the original from which it was produced

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The first animal to be ;cloned ;was Dolly the sheep.

I believe that ;cloning ;humans is unethical.

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Geoengineering

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The deliberate large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system, in order to try and control global warming

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Some scientists believe ;geoengineering ;is the only way to reduce the warming of the climate.

Controlling the weather by ;geoengineering ;is a possible solution to climate change, but it is controversial.

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Cyber

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A prefix for things related to computers, especially the internet.

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Cyberbulling ;via social media such as Facebook has become a major problem.

A ;cybercafe ;is a place where you can buy drinks and use computers at the same time.

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High-Tech /

Hi-Tech

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Using the most advanced and developed machines and methods.

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Japan is a very ;high-tech ;country. Everyone has all the latest electronic gadgets.

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Theory

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A formal statement of the rules on which a subject of study is based or of ideas which are suggested to explain a fact or event or, more generally, an opinion or explanation

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There are two opposing ;theories ;on the causes of climate change - one says it is caused by humans, the other believe it is a natural cycle.

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雅思写作艺术类常用词汇:

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The Arts

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Art forms created by humans, divided into visual, literary, and performing.

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The govenment should not waste money on ;the arts. This should be spent on public services instead.

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Culture

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The systems of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion that are shared by a relatively large group of people.

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The ;culture ;of a country is reflected in its art.

Cultural ;differences can cause problems if you do business in another country.

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Creative

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Relating to or involving the imagination or original ideas, especially in the production of an artistic work.

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He is an incredibly ;creative ;person - he's written many books and plays and he can paint as well.

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Classical

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Music that is considered to be part of a long especially formal tradition and to be of lasting value.

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I prefer ;classical ;music such as Mozart and Bach to modern day pop music.

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Musical

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A play or film in which part of the story is sung to music (noun).

OR

A skill in or great liking for music ;(adjective)

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"The Phantom of the Opera" is one of the best ;musicals ;that I have ever seen.

Everyone in the family can play an instrument - they are very ;musical.

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Opera

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An art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and music, usually in a theatre.

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Opera ;is not very popular amongst young people these days.

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Theatre

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A building, room, or outside structure with rows of seats, each row usually higher than the one in front, from which people can watch a performance or other activity.

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My hometown does not have any ;theatres. There are many in the capital though.

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Performance

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A show or action involving ;the entertaining of other people by dancing, singing, acting, or playing music.

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His ;performance ;as MacBeth was amazing.

There will be a ;performace ;of a famous play at the Lyceum Theatre tonight.

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Festival

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An organized set of special events, such as musical, art or film performances.

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The Cannes Film ;festival ;has some great movies this year.

The local council organizes a music ;festival ;in my town every year.

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Exhibition

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An event at which objects such as paintings are shown to the public.

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There will be an ;exhibition ;at the weekend to show all of his latest paintings.

His paintings were ;exhibited ;at the local art gallary over the weekend.

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Sculpture

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The art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood.

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The museum has many life-sized ;sculptures ;of past Kings and Queens of England.

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Abstract

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A type of painting, drawing, or sculpture that uses shapes, lines, and colour in a way that does not try to represent the appearance of people or things.

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Jackson Pollock is one of the most famous ;abtractartists. He famous for dripping and splattering paint onto his canvas

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Display

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A collection of objects or pictures arranged for people to look at, or a performance or show for people to watch (= being shown).

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Jackson Pollock's most famous paintings are on ;display ;at the Tate Modern Art Gallery in London for 10 days.

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Inspired

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To be filled with the urge or ability to do or feel something, especially to do something creative.

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Shakespears plays have ;inspired ;many young people to take up writing and acting.

His method of acting really ;inspires ;me.

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Artefact

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An object that is made by a person, such as a tool or a decoration, especially one that is of historical interest.

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The museam in town has many ;artefacts ;that were found in the local area. Most are tools from the Stone Age.

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Choreograph

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Compose the sequence of steps and moves for a ballet or other performance of dance.

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Their dance routines had been carefully ;choreographed ;so there would be no mistakes.

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