2018.1.1 In many countries, more and more people buy a wider range of household goods like television,microwave oven and rice cooker. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
2018.1.13 Some people believe that employers should not be concerned about the way their employees dress, but the quality of their work. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.1.18 Lectures were used in the past with many students. With modern technology available for education, there is no justification for this way of teaching. Do you agree or disagree?
2018.1.20 People are now surrounded by advertising. This both affects what people think is important and has a negative impact on people’s lives. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.2.1 Figures show that in some countries, there is an ever-increasing proportion of population aged 15 or younger. What do you think the effect of current and future in those countries?
2018.2.3 The restoration of old buildings in major cities in the world costs numerous governments' expenditures. This money should be used in new housing and road development.
2018.2.10 Some people believe that people who read books can develop more imagination and language skills than those who prefer to watch TV. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement
2018.2.24 As countries develop, more and more people buy and use their own cars. Do the advantages for individuals outweigh the disadvantages for the environment?
2018.3.3 In most countries, prison is the most common solution for the problem of crime. However, the more effective solution is to provide people with better education so that they do not become criminals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.3.10 Some experts suggest people a method to solve the environmental problem is to increase the cost of fuels and all vehicles. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.3.15 Many countries invest money to prepare competitors to join top competitions like Olympic Game and the World Cup. It is necessary to offer money to encourage children to exercise. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.3.24 Some young people commit serious crimes，such as robbery or violent attacks，some people think they should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.4.7 Some people said that the most important thing about being rich is that it gives the opportunity to help other people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.4.14 Governments should make people responsible for looking after their own local environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.4.21 People today can shop, work and communicate with others via the Internet. They don't need to do these face to face. Is it a positive or negative development?
2018.4.26 In some countries， increasing number of parents choose to educate their children at home by themselves instead of sending them to school. Are the advantages of home education outweigh the disadvantages?
2018.5.5 Traffic and housing problems in major cities can be solved by moving large companies, factories and their employees to the countryside. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.5.19 In many countries, people like to eat a wide variety of food that can be grown in other areas. As a result, people eat more food produced in other regions than local food. Do the advantages of this trend outweigh its disadvantages?
2018.5.24 Children are experiencing the increasing educational， social and commercial pressures. What are the causes? What measures do you think can be taken to reduce them?
2018.6.2 Many people prefer to communicate with their online friends than to socialize with people in their local communities. Do you think it has more advantages than disadvantages?
2018.6.7 The young people in the workforce are changing their jobs or careers every few years. What do you think are the reasons? Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
2018.6.23 More and more people want to buy famous brands of clothes, car and other items. What are the reasons? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
2018.7.7 Some people think that governments should build more train and subway lines while others believe that building wider roads is more efficient to reduce traffic congestion. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
2018.7.19 These days, an increasing number of people in many cities know little about their neighbors and do not have a sense of community. What do you think are the causes and what solutions can you suggested?
2018.7.21 Some businesses find that new employees who just finish their education lack basic interpersonal ability such as work with others as a part of team. What do you think are the causes of this problem? And how to solve this?
2018.7.28 Some people who have been in prison become good citizens later, and it is often argued that these are the best people to talk to teenagers about the dangers of committing a crime. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.8.2 Some people say modern children's games do not develop a wide range of skills, while traditional games can be much better for developing such skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.8.11 Nowadays, a large amount of advertising aiming at children should be banned because of its negative effects. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.8.18 Some people think that schools should stop teaching students by using books because students find them boring, and that children can learn from films, TV, video games and computer instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.8.25 Some people say that children should go to school as young as possible, while others believe that children should go to school of at least 7 years old. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
2018.9.8 Nowadays people always throw old things away, what causes this problem? What effects does the phenomenon lead to? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
2018.9.13 Some people think scientific research is a waste of time and money，to what degree do you agree or disagree?
2018.9.15 In many countries today, both men and women need to work full time. Therefore, some people think men and women should share household tasks equally (e g.cleaning and looking after children). To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.9.29 Doing team/group activities can teach people more important life skills than doing individual activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.10.13 In many countries women are allowed to take maternity leave from their jobs during the first month after the birth of their baby. Does advantage outweigh disadvantages?
2018.10.20 Report shows that it is increasingly expensive to keep museums open to public. Find the best way to fund them (government, business or individuals)
2018.10.27 Some people think that young people should spend more of their free time at home with their families instead of entertaining outside while others disagree. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
2018.11.1 Public transport should be funded by the government so that it can be free for people who use it. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
2018.11.3 It is shown that many criminals have a low level of education. Some people argue that the best way to reduce crime is to educate criminals in prison to help them find jobs when they leave prison. Do you agree or disagree?
2018.11.10 Many employees think that the social skills as important as good qualifications for employing people. Do you agree or disagree the good social skills as important as good qualifications for success in job?
2018.11.17 Some people think the qualities a person needs to become successful in today's world cannot be learned at a university or similar academic institution. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2018.12.1 Some people think that money spent on developing technology on space exploration is not justified. They think there are more beneficial ways to spend money. Do you agree or disagree?
2018.12.8 Some people think that schools should select their pupils according to their academic ability. Others believe that young people with different abilities should be educated together. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
2018.12.13 Many young people like pop stars and international movie stars rather than famous historical figures in their country. Why do this happen? How to solve this problem?
2018.12.15 Some countries have no controls on design and construction of buildings. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
母题：It is generally believed that education is of vital importance to the development of individuals and the well-being of societies. What should education consist of to fulfil both these functions? (050312
母题：Some people think that the government should decide which subjects students should study at the university, while others think that students should be allowed to apply for the subject they prefer. Discuss the two views and give your opinion. (060916)
母题：Many people use distance-learning programmes (study material post, TV, Internet, etc.) to study at home, but some people think that it cannot bring the benefit as much as
attending college or university. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? (041113, 081023, 100515)
提示：远程教育最大的好处，就在于三个any：anybody, anywhere, any time. 缺点是缺乏师生之间以及学生之间的interaction, 缺乏教师的moral guidance, 因为没有体育课且久坐电脑前，会引发健康问题。
母题：Some people believe that university students should pay all the cost of studies because university education only benefit the students themselves not the society as a whole. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (100731)
母题：Some school leavers travel or work for a period of time instead of going directly to university.What are the advantages and disadvantages? (030308, 050514, 090926)
母题1：People can perform everyday tasks, such as shopping and banking as well as business transactions, without meeting other people face-to-face. What are the effects of this on individuals and society as a whole? (050226, 070331)
母题2：Many employees may work at home with the modern technology. Some people claim that it can benefit only the workers, not the employers. Do you agree or disagree?
母题1：Some people believe that time spent on television, video and computer games can be valuable for children. Others believe this has negative effects on a child.Discuss both views and give your own opinion. (080110)
母题2：There are social, medical and technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What forms do they take? Do you agree that the problems outweigh the benefits of mobile phones? (060114)
母题：Some people think that the government should establish free libraries in each town. Others believe that it is a waste of money since people can access the Internet at home to obtain information. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion. (120112)
母题：Nowadays, some workplaces tend to employ equal numbers of men and women workers. Do you think it is a positive or negative development? (110115)
母题1：In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on the society? (060211,111008)
母题2：Some people believe that in order to give opportunities to the new generation, companies should encourage high level employees who are older than 55 to retire. Do you agree or disagree? (030712, 030809)
母题：In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move out of large cities and into regional areas. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?(080809)
母题：Some people say that it is the responsibility of individuals to save money for their own care after they retire. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (070825)
母题：Some people say arts such as music and painting cannot directly improve the quality of people’s life, so the government shouldn’t put money on art such as music and painting, instead, they should spend more money on construction of public services. Do you agree or disagree? (040626, 041127, 070920, 110611)
提示：政府投资类的话题几乎全都是交叉类话题，分别与教育(谁应该为学费买单)、艺术、科技、健康等话题结合。这类题目的写法大同小异，好处就是围绕各自的交叉来写，如促进教育、艺术、科技的发展，促进公民的健康，等等，而坏处都是一样的：浪费政府的有限的财政lavish the tight budget of the government，或者说给政府造成了沉重的经济负担impose a heavy financial burden on the government.
in which there is a mixture of different ethnic peoples, bring more benefits
than drawbacks to a country. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (060825)
母题1：Every year several languages die out. Some people think that it is not important and that life will be made easier if there are few languages in the world. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (041030)
提示：尽管语言单一性语言与文化息息相关，语言的灭绝就是人类文化多样性cultural diversity的丢失。语言就是一种思维方式，语言的消失就意味着人类将会失去一种思维模式thinking pattern，失去一种认识世界的角度perspective to recognize the world.
母题：International tourism has become a huge industry in the world. Do the problems of international travel outweigh its advantages? (060520)
母题：Some people think that too much money has been spent looking after and repairing old buildings, so we should knock down old buildings and build modern ones instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (110428)
母题1：The spread of multinational companies and the resulting increase of globalization produce positive effects to everyone. Do you agree or disagree? (120209)
母题2：As global trade increases, many goods, even some daily goods, are exported to another country, which includes long-distance transport during shipping. Do you think its benefits outweigh its drawbacks? (081204)
母题3：Some people think the increasing business and cultural contact between countries brings many positive effects. Others say it causes the loss of national identities. Discuss on both sides and give your opinion. (040821, 051029)
母题：Rich countries often give financial aid to poor countries, but it does not solve the poverty, so rich countries should give other types of help to the poor countries rather than financial aid. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (090207)
母题：In many parts of the world children and teenagers are committing more crimes. Why is this case happening?How should children or teenagers be punished? (100804)
提示：青少年犯罪juvenile delinquency 产生的原因及其解决方法。可从家庭、社会、媒体三个角度分析。
母题：Unlike in most other countries, police in the UK do not commonly carry guns. Some people think it leaves citizens unprotected. But others think it reduces the overall violence in our society. Discuss both sides of the view and give your opinion. (040320, 040619)
母题：Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them. Education and job training are better ways to help them. Do you agree or disagree? (050618, 080918)
母题：Now many people think that we are spending too much money and time on protecting wild animals. The money should be better spent on human population. Do you agree or disagree? (031213, 110709)
母题：Environmental problem is too big for individual countries and individual people to address. In other words, we have reached the stage where the only way to protect the environment is at an international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? (040228, 040515, 110507)
母题：Many people say that we have developed into a “throw-away” culture, because we are filling up our environment with so many plastic bags and rubbish that we cannot fully dispose of. To what extent do you agree with this opinion and what measures can you recommend reducing this problem? (050806)
提示：这道题目应该围绕“一次性文化”产生的原因、后果和解决方法来展开。原因：对于方便、卫生的追求。后果：破坏水源、污染土地、污染空气。解决方法：三个R：reduce, reuse, recycle。
母题：Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, natural gas, are used in many countries. But in some countries, the use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, are
encouraged. Is this trend a positive or a negative development? (090530)、
energy的优缺点。优点：取之不尽用之不竭inexhaustible，更环保environmentally-friendly, 缺点：核能nuclear power会引发安全事故，水能hydropower会破坏生态环境upset the ecological balance, 太阳能solar power 成本太高，风能wind power会产生次声波污染infrasonic wave.
母题：News media is more influential nowadays. Some people think it is a negative development. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (090822)
母题：Nowadays, films and computer games containing violence are popular. Some people think those films and games have negative effects on society and should be banned,while others think they are just harmless relaxation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(111029)
母题：We are surrounded by all kinds of advertising, which significantly influence our lives. Do the positive effects of advertising outweigh its negative effects? (041016, 110625)