雅思9分范文是怎样的?

雅思9分范文是怎样的?

雅思小作文9分范文

话题

The map below is of the town of Garlsdon. A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. The map shows two possible sites for the supermarket.

这张地图显示了城镇新超市的平面图 Garlsdon。有两个可能的位置。请回答。

9 分范文:

The map shows two potential locations (S1 and S2) for a new supermarket in a town called Garlsdon.

The main difference between the two sites is that S1 is outside the town, whereas S2 is in the town centre. The sites can also be compared in terms of access by road or rail, and their positions relative to three smaller towns.

Looking at the information in more detail, S1 is in the countryside to the north west of Garlsdon, but it is close to the residential area of the town. S2 is also close to the housing area, which surrounds the town centre.

There are main roads from Hindon, Bransdon and Cransdon to Garlsdon town centre, but this is a no traffic zone, so there would be no access to S2 by car. By contrast, S1 lies on the main road to Hindon, but it would be more difficult to reach from Bransdon and Cransdon. Both supermarket sites are close to the railway that runs through Garlsdon from Hindon to Cransdon.(171)

附雅思申论考官基本套路

第 1 段: 重述专题

第 2 段: 总结主题数据的主要特征或规则

第 3 段: 详细特征规则 1

第 4 段: 详细特征规则 2

注: simon 考官主张雅思作文不用总结!大家可以注意这一点。当然,一篇小作文是否需要总结段落是没有定论的。

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

发表于 2020-03-16

雅思地图题攻略

1) 文章结构

下面以 Cam911 为例,讨论历史变化图问题的编写。Cam911 的标题是: the two maps below show an island, before and after the construction of some tourist facilities, 是指旅游设施建设前后岛屿的变化。

以下是剑桥雅思给出的 7 个例子:

The two maps show the same island while first one is before and the second one is after the construction for tourism.

>

Looking first at the one before construction, we can see a huge island with a beach in the west. The total length of the island is approximately 250 metres.

>

Moving on to the second map, we can see that there are lots of buildings on the island. There are two areas of accommodation. One is in the west near the beach while the other one is in the centre of the island. Between them, there is a restaurant in the north and a central reception block, which is surrounded by a vehicle track. This track also goes down to the pier where people can go sailing in the south sea of the island. Furthermore, tourists can swim near the beach in the west. A footpath connecting the western accommodation units also leads to the beach.

>

Overall, comparing the two maps, there are significant changes after this development. Not only lots of facilities are built on the island, but also the sea is used for activities. The new island has become a good place for tourism.

从这个例子中,我们可以看到历史变化图问题的文章结构:

l 开场白: 重写标题

l 中段 1: 写图 1?

l 中间段 2: 图 2

l 收尾段: 总结图 1 和图 2 所示的整体变化

有几点需要解释:

首先,这个例子的结构是总分,但是如果你在开始时直接给出一个总结,也可以在中间部分展开讨论, 这就变成了总分的结构,本质上没有区别。此外,历史变迁式地图描绘了某个地方的发展与进步,所以文字 industrialized 、在结尾部分的摘要中经常使用 modernized 等。

其次,这种写法中间的段数随图而异,但好在真题一般只有 2-4 个图,一般不超过 4 个图, 因此,全文第 4-6 段仍然可以接受。具体到每个图形,复杂程度是不同的。不管有多少张图片,如果每张图片的内容比较多,并且多张图片之间显示的变化比较明显,一般的变化分为两种,即, 一些项目已经消失或缩小,而另一些项目已经出现或扩大。在这种情况下,可以考虑另一种编写方法:

l 开头: 改写题目,在图中写出地点的整体方位, 并指出两种类型的变化 (消失/减少 vs 出现/展开,如 The xx years have witnessed the growth or emergence of some items and the downsizing or disappearance of some others.)

l 中间段 1: 写入消失/减少的地图项

l 中段 2: 写出现/展开的地图项

l 结束段: 总结总体变化

这两篇文章的结构没有区别。在实际写作中,我们应该选择能够更清晰地表达地图的结构。上面 Cam911 的例子只有 7 分。不是文章的结构不清楚,而是一些详细的信息以及词汇和句型需要改进。有关详细信息,请参阅考官的评价:

This answer clearly presents the key features of the diagrams, and although the first map is described only briefly, this is acceptable for this particular task. The description is accurate though some aspects, such as the section on the accommodation, could have been more fully extended. The final paragraph summarises the main points effectively. The information is logically organised and can be easily followed throughout the response. A range of cohesive devices including reference and substitution is used appropriately, with only occasional inaccuracies. Some less common vocabulary and collocations are used appropriately, e.g. central reception block; western accommodation units, and there are no spelling errors. There is a variety of grammatical structures and many sentences contain no inaccuracies. Where errors do occur, they do not affect understanding.

2) 两个核心要素

无论采用哪种文章结构,地图主题都应该写得很清楚,应该落实到一个句子和其中使用的单词中,这两者都涉及两个核心要素: 方位和变化,即文中的句子都是在描述“某某项目的某个位置发生了什么变化 ”。

a ) 方位角

地图包含许多项目,因此只需取出一个项目就可以更容易地解释其位置。然而,将这些项目组织成一段文本涉及每个项目的组织顺序。一般来说,有两个想法值得参考:

l 两侧的轴中心

例如,Cam911, 可以使用 pier-reception-? restaurant 是整个地图的中心轴,然后会描述两边的 accommodation 和最远端的 beach.}

l 起点,移动改变风景

另外以 Cam911 为例,您可以想象一个游客游览这个岛屿的过程,通常从 pier 开始,然后在 {127, 然后您可以留在 accommodation 或进入 restaurant 吃晚餐、休息或在 beach 去游泳晚饭后。具体到主题 Cam911,以上两种方法差别不大。

带 OG

Test7 的地图名为 example。如果采用上述第一篇文章结构,即先写第一张图片,然后写第二张图片,那么在写第一张图片时, 图片上的每一项都要描述清楚,可以先写 River} Stroke 说明 Stokeford 的大致位置,然后写 bridge 连接中间的主干道,然后以主干道为中轴线描述两边的项目。

在词语方面,介词常用来表示方位,当然还有名词、形容词等。

in

表示 A 在 B 里面,例如下面的例子中,in the west 是在 in the west of the island, 里面写的,即 beach (A) 在 island 里面 (内部 {145。

[Cam911-7 个示例] Looking first at the one before construction, we can see a huge island with a beach in the west.

on

可以说 A 在 B 之上,例如下面的例子中,buildings 在 island 之上。

[Cam911-7 个示例] Moving on to the second map, we can see that there are lots of buildings on the island.

也可以说,A 边框为 B,并且在 A 和 {160 之间一般属于同一级别。

Shanghai is on the east of Jiangsu.

to/off to

表示 A 和 B 的相对方向,不强调是否分开。如果要强调分离,可以加 off.

Beijing is to the north of Shanghai.

Japan is off to the east of China.

at

在特定地点指示。

At the northeastern corner of the town lies a shopping mall.

along

意思是 “沿着”。

The port is along the roadside.

outside

意思是 A 可以用作 {175 以外的名词、形容词、介词和副词。

on the outside of something

to be outside the range

east/west/north/south ,eastern/western/northern/southern

意思是东、西、北、南、北。掌握名词和形容词是必须的,当然还有 northeast/northeastern 等。

[Cam911-7 个示例] Looking first at the one before construction, we can see a huge island with a beach in the west.

left/right/upper/lower side/part/half

表示上、下、左、右,可以单独使用,也可以连接 side/part/half 等表示 “部分”。

The truck is to the right of the gas station.

upper/lower-left/right corner

它表示左上角和右下角等四个角,用于直接表示地图的方向为图。

The bank is in the top upper-left corner of the residential zone.

middle/centre/top/bottom/crossing

它表示中间、顶部、底部、交叉点等,可以表示地图所指的真实物体中的位置, 并且还可以将地图指示为图形中的方向。

[Cam911-7 个示例] One is in the west near the beach while the other one is in the centre of the island.

halfway/in the middle between A and B

表示 C 在 A 和 {220 之间的中点。

The supermarket is halfway between the bank and the barber 's.

parallel

表示 “平行”。

The buildings are parallel to the rivers.

opposite/facing/across

意思是 “相反”。

The buildings are parallel to the rivers.

The supermarket is directly opposite to the bus stop.

surround

动词,意思是 “环绕”。

[Cam911-7 个示例] Between them, there is a restaurant in the north and a central reception block, which is surrounded by a vehicle track

close to/next to/in close proximity to/in the vicinity of/near/beside/ nearby/adjacent

指示 A 接近 {243。

[Cam911-7 个示例] One is in the west near the beach while the other one is in the centre of the island.

front/back/in front of/in the front of

表示在前面或后面 ”。

circle

表示 “圆”。

The two groups of accommodations each form a circle.

lie/be located/be situated/

表示 “已定位”。

b ) 更改

历史变化类型图本来是为了显示一个地方随时间的变化,所以有必要用单词和句型来表达变化。各种变化无非就是上面提到的两类: 出现/扩张,或消失/收缩。

become/turn/get bigger/larger/smaller/shorter/longer

部门动词,比较度,表示变化。一个词的具体含义是由部门动词后面的形容词决定的。

newly built/established /constructed

表示 “新建”。

disappear/no longer there

意思是 “消失”。

extend/enlarge/develop/add /rise/grow/increase /improve

表示 “扩展”。

reduce/decline/decrease/drop/fall/halve /degrade

表示 “缩小”。

replace /remove/convert /give way to

表示 “替换”,I.出现 e.A 消失 B。

connect/change/turn over/straighten/construct/complete/open

指示 “完成” 等更改。

综上所述,地图问题分为两种类型,选址问题和历史变化问题。选址问题的关键在于分析各方案的优缺点,得出最终结论。历史变迁的话题主要在于对不同年份之间地图上的变化进行比较分析。在具体写作中,每个项目的定位和变化都要写清楚,其中,定位所涉及的整体描述顺序是最关键的。

发表于 2020-03-16
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