剑桥雅思真题12阅读是怎样的?

剑桥雅思真题12阅读是怎样的?

剑桥雅思真题12阅读答案分析

Question 1

参考答案:NOT GIVEN

关键词:cork oak; thickest bark

定位原文:第二段第二句“Its bark grows up to 20cm in thickness, insulating the tree….”

解题思路:原文只提到软木板棕榈的树根能長到20公分的薄厚,仍未提到它的树根是不是全部树中更厚的.

Question 2

参考答案:FALSE

关键词:a synthetic cork; same cellular structure

定位原文:第二段第三句“… the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure… that technology has never succeeded in replicating”

解题思路:原文提到这类树拥有 非常的植物细胞,并且现如今的技术性还无法取得成功拷贝这类构造.

Question 3

参考答案:FALSE

关键词:25 years; between first and second harvest

定位原文:第四段第四句“From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an individual tree.”

解题思路:原文提到软木板棕榈苗种放到第一次大丰收必须25年時间,而正中间必须间距十年的時间才可以开展下一次的大丰收.因而第一次大丰收与第二次大丰收的时间间隔是10年而并不是25年.

Question 4

参考答案:TRUE

关键词:stripped; dry atmospheric conditions

定位原文:第四段最终一句:“If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold — or when the air is damp — the tree will be damaged.”

解题思路:原文提到不可以在太凉或是太湿冷的气温去剥树根,那样会毁坏树.换句话说,必须在较为干躁的气温去剥树根.因而题目描述恰当.

Question 5

参考答案:TRUE

关键词:only way; remove…by hand

定位原文:第五段第几句“No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers.”

解题思路:原文提到现阶段还未创造发明出机械设备的方式 去剥树根,只有由高声望值的职工精英团队进行.与题目的阐述一致.

Question 6

参考答案:taste

关键词:aluminium screw caps; bottle contents

定位原文:第六段第三句“The tiniest concentrations — as little as three or four parts to a trillion — can spoil the taste of the product contained in the bottle.”

解题思路:第六段提到瓶塞的应用将会会危害瓶里化学物质,而且提到一些原素,就算浓度值不大,都将会会毁坏玻璃瓶内化学物质的味儿.因而应用铝质螺旋式盖的一个优势就是说无需危害味儿.

Question 7

参考答案:cheaper

关键词:aluminium screw caps; produce

定位原文:第六段最终一句“These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user.”

解题思路:原文提到这类铝质螺旋式盖的生产制造价钱更划算,并且更使用方便.题型中的use相匹配文章内容中的manufacture.

Question 8

参考答案:convenient

关键词:aluminium screw caps; use

定位原文:第六段最终一句“These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user.”

解题思路:原文提到这类铝质螺旋式盖的生产制造价钱更划算,并且更使用方便.

Question 9

参考答案:image

关键词:cork bottle stoppers; quality products

定位原文:最终一段前几句:“The classic cork stopper does have several advantages, however. Firstly, its traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated.”

解题思路:原文中提到經典的瓶塞更合乎高档商品的品牌形象.

Question 10

参考答案:sustainable

关键词:cork bottle stoppers; made from

定位原文:最终一段第三句:“Secondly — and very importantly — cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty.”

解题思路:原文中提到软木板是一种可持续性运用的商品,能够不费力气地循环系统运用.

Question 11

参考答案:recycled

关键词:cork bottle stoppers; easily

定位原文:最终一段第三句:“Secondly — and very importantly — cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty.”

解题思路:题型中的easily与原文中的without difficulty相对性应,原文中提到软木板是一种可持续性运用的商品,能够不费力气地循环系统运用.

Question 12

参考答案:biodiversity

关键词:cork forests

定位原文:最终一段最后第二句:“Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted.”

解题思路:题型中的aid相匹配原文中的support,原文中提到软木板橡山林有益于保持本地的物种多样性.

Question 13

参考答案:desertification

关键词:cork forests

定位原文:最终一段最后第二句:“Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted.”

解题思路:题型中的stop相匹配原文中的prevent,原文中提到软木板橡山林可以防止栽种地区出現沙漠化.

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

发表于 2020-02-19

雅思剑12阅读真题Test5Passage1原文

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

Cork

Cork - the thick bark of the cork oak tree (Quercus suber) - is a remarkable material. It is tough, elastic, buoyant, and fire-resistant, and suitable for a wide range of purposes. It has also been used for millennia: the ancient Egyptians sealed their sarcophagi (stone coffins) with cork, while the ancient Greeks and Romans used it for anything from beehives to sandals.

And the cork oak itself is an extraordinary tree. Its bark grows up to 20 cm in thickness, insulating the tree like a coat wrapped around the trunk and branches and keeping the inside at a constant 20℃ all year round. Developed most probably as a defence against forest fires, the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure - with about 40 million cells per cubic centimetre - that technology has never succeeded in replicating. The ceils are filled with air, which is why cork is so buoyant.

It also has an elasticity that means you can squash it and watch it spring back to its original size and shape when you release the pressure.

Cork oaks grow in a number of Mediterranean countries, including Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece and Morocco. They flourish in warm, sunny climates where there is a minimum of 400 millimetres of rain per year, and not more than 800 millimetres. Like grape vines, the trees thrive in poor soil, putting down deep roots in search of moisture and nutrients. Southern Portugal’s Alentejo region meets all of these requirements, which explains why, by the early 20th century, this region had become the world’s largest producer of cork, and why today it accounts for roughly half of all cork production around the world.

Most cork forests are family-owned. Many of these family businesses, and indeed many of the trees themselves, are around 200 years old. Cork production is, above all, an exercise in patience. From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an individual tree. And for top-quality cork, it’s necessary to wait a further 15 or 20 years. You even have to wait for the right kind of summer’s day to harvest cork. If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold - or when the air is damp - the tree will be damaged.

Cork harvesting is a very specialised profession. No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers. First, they make vertical cuts down the bark using small sharp axes, then lever it away in pieces as large as they can manage. The most skilful cork- strippers prise away a semi-circular husk that runs the length of the trunk from just above ground level to the first branches. It is then dried on the ground for about four months, before being taken to factories, where it is boiled to kill any insects that might remain in the cork. Over 60% of cork then goes on to be made into traditional bottle stoppers, with most of the remainder being used in the construction trade. Corkboard and cork tiles are ideal for thermal and acoustic insulation, while granules of cork are used in the manufacture of concrete.

Recent years have seen the end of the virtual monopoly of cork as the material for bottle stoppers, due to concerns about the effect it may have on the contents of the bottle. This is caused by a chemical compound called 2,4,6-trichloroanisole (TCA), which forms through the interaction of plant phenols, chlorine and mould. The tiniest concentrations - as little as three or four parts to a trillion - can spoil the taste of the product contained in the bottle. The result has been a gradual yet steady move first towards plastic stoppers and, more recently, to aluminium screw caps. These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user.

The classic cork stopper does have several advantages, however. Firstly, its traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated. Secondly - and very importantly - cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty. Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted. So, given the current concerns about environmental issues, the future of this ancient material once again looks promising.

following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

1 The cork oak has the thickest bark of any living tree.

2 Scientists have developed a synthetic cork with the same cellular structure as natural cork.

3 Individual cork oak trees must be left for 25 years between the first and second harvest.

4 Cork bark should be stripped in dry atmospheric conditions.

5 The only way to remove the bark from cork oak trees is by hand.

Questions 6-13

Complete the notes below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 6-13 on your answer sheet.

Comparison of aluminium screw caps and cork bottle stoppers

Advantages of aluminium screw caps

• do not affect the 6 __ of the bottle contents

• are 7 __ to produce

• are 8 __ to use

Advantages of cork bottle stoppers

• suit the 9 __ of quality products

• made from a 10 __ material

• easily 11 __

• cork forests aid 12 __

• cork forests stop 13 __ happening

发表于 2020-02-19

剑桥雅思阅读原文

a wide range of purposes. It has also been used for millennia: the ancient Egyptians sealed their sarcophagi (stone coffins) with cork, while the ancient Greeks and Romans used it for anything from beehives to sandals.

And the cork oak itself is an extraordinary tree. Its bark grows up to 20cm in thickness, insulating the tree like a coat wrapped around the trunk and branches and keeping the inside at a constant 20°C all year round. Developed most probably as a defence against forest fires, the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure - with about 40 million cells per cubic centimetre - that technology has never succeeded in replicating. The cells are filled with air, which is why cork is so buoyant. It also has an elasticity that means you can squash it and watch it spring back to its original size and shape when you release the pressure.

Cork oaks grow in a number of Mediterranean countries, including Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece and Morocco. They flourish in warm, sunny climates where there is a minimum of 400 millimetres of rain per year, and not more than 800 millimetres. Like grape vines, the trees thrive in poor soil, putting down deep roots in search of moisture and nutrients.Southern Portugal’s Alentejo region meets all of these requirements, which explains why, by the early 20th century, this region had become the world’s largest producer of cork, and why today it accounts for roughly half of all cork production around the world.

Most cork forests are family-owned. Many of these family businesses, and indeed many of the trees themselves, are around 200 years old. Cork production is, above all, an exercise in patience. From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an individual tree. And for top-quality cork, it’s necessary to wait a further 15 or 20 years. You even have to wait for the right kind of summer’s day to harvest cork. If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold - or when the air is damp - the tree will be damaged.

Cork harvesting is a very specialised profession. No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers. First, they make vertical cuts down the bark using small sharp axes, then lever it away in pieces as large as they can manage. The most skilful cork-strippers prise away a semi-circular husk that runs the length of the trunk from just above ground level to the first branches. It is then dried on the ground for about four months, before being taken to factories, where it is boiled to kill any insects that might remain in the cork. Over 60% of cork then goes on to be made into traditional bottle stoppers, with most of the remainder being used in the construction trade. Corkboard and cork tiles are ideal for thermal and acoustic insulation, while granules of cork are used in the manufacture of concrete.

Recent years have seen the end of the virtual monopoly of cork as the material for bottle stoppers, due to concerns about the effect it may have on the contents of the bottle. This is caused by a chemical compound called 2,4,6-trichloroanisole (TCA), which forms through the interaction of plant phenols, chlorine and mould. The tiniest concentrations - as little as three or four parts to a trillion - can spoil the taste of the product contained in the bottle. The result has been a gradual yet steady move first towards plastic stoppers and, more recently, to aluminium screw caps. These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user.

The classic cork stopper does have several advantages, however. Firstly, its traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated. Secondly - and very importantly - cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty. Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted. So, given the current concerns about environmental issues, the future of this ancient material once again looks promising.

发表于 2020-02-19
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