剑桥雅思 7 Test 1阅读文章和参考答案分析

一,剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 全文

剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 全文 READING PASSAGE 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13,which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

Let 's Go Bats

A Bats have a problem: how to find their way around in the dark. They hunt at night, and cannot use light to help them find prey and avoid obstacles. You might say that this is a problem of their own making, one that they could avoid simply by changing their habits and hunting by day. But the daytime economy is already heavily exploited by other creatures such as birds. Given that there is a living to be made at night, and given that alternative daytime trades are thoroughly occupied, natural selection has favoured bats that make a go of the night-hunting trade. It is probable that the nocturnal trades go way back in the ancestry of all mammals. In the time when the dinosaurs dominated the daytime economy, our mammalian ancestors probably only managed to survive at all because they found ways of scraping a living at night. Only after the mysterious mass extinction of the dinosaurs about 65 million years ago were our ancestors able to emerge into the daylight in any substantial numbers.

B Bats have an engineering problem: how to find their way and find their prey in the absence of light. Bats are not the only creatures to face this difficulty today. Obviously the night-flying insects that they prey on must find their way about somehow. Deep-sea fish and whales have little or no light by day or by night. Fish and dolphins that live in extremely muddy water cannot see because, although there is light, it is obstructed and scattered by the dirt in the water. Plenty of other modern animals make their living in conditions where seeing is difficult or impossible.

C Given the questions of how to manoeuvre in the dark, what solutions might an engineer consider? The first one that might occur to him is to manufacture light, to use a lantern or a searchlight. Fireflies and some fish (usually with the help of bacteria) have the power to manufacture their own light, but the process seems to consume a large amount of energy. Fireflies use their light for attracting mates. This doesn 't require a prohibitive amount of energy: a male 's tiny pinprick of light can be seen by a female from some distance on a dark night, since her eyes are exposed directly to the light source itself. However, using light to find one 's own way around requires vastly more energy, since the eyes have to detect the tiny fraction of the light that bounces off each part of the scene. The light source must therefore be immensely brighter if it is to be used as a headlight to illuminate the path, than if it is to be used as a signal to others. In any event, whether or not the reason is the energy expense, it seems to be the case that, with the possible exception of some weird deep-sea fish, no animal apart from man uses manufactured light to find its way about.

D What else might the engineer think of? Well, blind humans sometimes seem to have an uncanny sense of obstacles in their path. It has been given the name 'facial vision',because blind people have reported that it feels a bit like the sense of touch, on the face. One report tells of a totally blind boy who could ride his tricycle at good speed round the block near his home, using facial vision. Experiments showed that, in fact, facial vision is nothing to do with touch or the front of the face, although the sensation may be referred to the front of the face, like the referred pain in a phantom limb. The sensation of facial vision, it turns out, really goes in through the ears. Blind people, without even being aware of the fact, are actually using echoes of their own footsteps and of other sounds, to sense the presence of obstacles. Before this was discovered, engineers had already built instruments to exploit the principle, for example to measure the depth of the sea under a ship. After this technique had been invented, it was only a matter of time before weapons designers adapted it for the detection of submarines. Both sides in the Second World War relied heavily on these devices, under such codenames as Asdic (British) and Sonar (American), as well as Radar (American) or RDF (British), which uses radio echoes rather than sound echoes.

E The Sonar and Radar pioneers didn 't know it then, but all the world now knows that bats, or rather natural selection working on bats, had perfected the system tens of millions of years earlier, and their 'radar' achieves feats of detection and navigation that would strike an engineer dumb with admiration. It is technically incorrect to talk about bat 'radar',since they do not use radio waves. It is sonar. But the underlying mathematical theories of radar and sonar are very similar, and much of our scientific understanding of the details of what bats are doing has come from applying radar theory to them. The American zoologist Donald Griffin, who was largely responsible for the discovery of sonar in bats, coined the term 'echolocation' to cover both sonar and radar, whether used by animals or by human instruments.

Questions 1-5

Reading Passage 1 has five paragraphs, A-E.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-E, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

1 examples of wildlife other than bats which do not rely on vision to navigate by

2 how early mammals avoided dying out

3 why bats hunt in the dark

4 how a particular discovery has helped our understanding of bats

5 early military uses of echolocation

Questions 6-9

Complete the summary below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet.

Facial Vision

Blind people report that so-called 'facial vision' is comparable to the} {} sensation of touch on the face. In fact, the sensation is more similar to the way in which pain from a 6 ...............arm or leg might be felt. The ability actually comes from perceiving 7 ...............through the ears. However, even before this was understood, the principle had been applied in the design of instruments which calculated the 8 ..................of the seabed. This was followed by a wartime application in devices for finding 9 ..............................

Questions 10-13

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.

月 Long before the invention of radar, ...............had resulted in a sophisticated radar-like system in bats.

11 Radar is an inaccurate term when referring to bats because.are not used in their navigation system.

12 Radar and sonar are based on similar .

13 The word 'echolocation' was first used by someone working as a .

剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 全文 READING PASSAGE 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26,which are based on Reading Passage 2 on the following pages.

Questions 14-20

Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-H.

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A and C-H from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-xi, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i Scientists 'call for a revision of policy

ii An explanation for reduced water use

iii How a global challenge was met

iv Irrigation systems fall into disuse

v Environmental effects

vi The financial cost of recent technological improvements

vii The relevance to health

viii Addressing the concern over increasing populations

ix A surprising downward trend in demand for water

x The need to raise standards

xi A description of ancient water supplies

14 Paragraph A

Example Answer

Paragraph B iii

15 Paragraph C

16 Paragraph D

17 paragraph E

18 paragraph F

19 paragraph G

20 paragraph H


A The history of human civilisation is entwined with the history of the ways we have learned to manipulate water resources. As towns gradually expanded, water was brought from increasingly remote sources, leading to sophisticated engineering efforts such as dams and aqueducts. At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.

B During the industrial revolution and population explosion of the 19th and 20 th centuries, the demand for water rose dramatically. Unprecedented construction of tens of thousands of monumental engineering projects designed to control floods, protect clean water supplies, and provide water for irrigation and hydropower brought great benefits to hundreds of millions of people. Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40 % of the world 's food. Nearly one fifth of all the electricity generated worldwide is produced by turbines spun by the power of falling water.

C Yet there is a dark side to this picture: despite our progress, half of the world 's population still suffers, with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans. As the United Nations report on access to water reiterated in November 2001, more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water; some two and a half billion do not have adequate sanitation services. Preventable water-related diseases kill an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 children every day, and the latest evidence suggests that we are falling behind in efforts to solve these problems.

D The consequences of our water policies extend beyond jeopardising human health. Tens of millions of people have been forced to move from their homes - often with little warning or compensation -to make way for the reservoirs behind dams. More than 20 % of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered because dams and water withdrawals have destroyed the free- flowing river ecosystems where they thrive. Certain irrigation practices degrade soil quality and reduce agricultural productivity. Groundwater (218) * are being pumped down faster than they are naturally replenished in parts of India, China, the USA and elsewhere. And disputes over shared water resources have led to violence and continue to raise local, national and even international tensions.

  • underground stores of water

E At the outset of the new millennium, however, the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change. The focus is slowly shifting back to the provision of basic human and environmental needs as top priority - ensuring 'some for all,' instead of 'more for some' Some water experts are '{} now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities, which is increasingly considered the option of last, not first, resort. This shift in philosophy has not been universally accepted, and it comes with strong opposition from some established water organisations. Nevertheless, it may be the only way to address successfully the pressing problems of providing everyone with clean water to drink, adequate water to grow food and a life free from preventable water-related illness.

F Fortunately -and unexpectedly -the demand for water is not rising as rapidly as some predicted. As a result, the pressure to build new water infrastructures has diminished over the past two decades. Although population, industrial output and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lakes has slowed. And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen.

G What explains this remarkable turn of events? Two factors: people have

figured out how to use water more efficiently, and communities are rethinkingtheir priorities for water use. Throughout the first three-quarters of the 20 th century, the quantity of freshwater consumed per person doubled on average; in the USA, water withdrawals increased tenfold while the population quadrupled. But since 1980, the amount of water consumed per person has actually decreased, thanks to a range of new technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry. In 1965, for instance, Japan used approximately 13 million gallons * of water to produce $1 million of commercial output; by 1989 this had dropped to 3.5 million gallons (even accounting for inflation) -almost a quadrupling of water productivity. In the USA, water withdrawals have fallen by more than 20 % from their peak in 1980.

H On the other hand, dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria and to a smaller budget.

Questions 21-26

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?

In boxes 21-26 on your answer sheet, write

YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer

NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer

NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

[ 283 ] Ancient Rome.

22 Feeding increasing populations is possible due primarily to improved irrigation systems.

23 Modern water systems imitate those of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

24 Industrial growth is increasing the overall demand for water.

26 In the future, governments should maintain ownership of water infrastructures.

剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 全文 READING PASSAGE 3

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27-40,which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.


Educating Psyche by Bernie Neville is a book which looks at radical new approaches to learning, describing the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning. One theory discussed in the book is that proposed by George Lozanov, which focuses on the power of suggestion.

Lozanov 's instructional technique is based on the evidence that the connections made in the brain through unconscious processing (which he calls non-specific mental reactivity) are more durable than those made through conscious processing. Besides the laboratory evidence for this, we know from our experience that we often remember what we have perceived peripherally, long after we have forgotten what we set out to learn. If we think of a book we studied months or years ago, we will find it easier to recall peripheral details -the colour, the binding, the typeface, the table at the library where we sat while studying it -than the content on which we were concentrating. If we think of a lecture we listened to with great concentration, we will recall the lecturer 's appearance and mannerisms, our place in the auditorium, the failure of the air-conditioning, much more easily than the ideas we went to learn. Even if these peripheral details are a bit elusive, they come back readily in hypnosis or when we relive the event imaginatively, as in psychodrama. The details of the content of the lecture, on the other hand, seem to have gone forever.

This phenomenon can be partly attributed to the common counterproductive approach to study (making extreme efforts to memorise, tensing muscles, inducing fatigue), but it also simply reflects the way the brain functions. Lozanov therefore made indirect instruction (suggestion) central to his teaching system. In suggestopedia, as he called his method, consciousness is shifted away from the curriculum to focus on something peripheral. The curriculum then becomes peripheral and is dealt with by the reserve capacity of the brain.

The suggestopedic approach to foreign language learning provides a good illustration. In its most recent variant (1980), it consists of the reading of vocabulary and text while the class is listening to music. The first session is in two parts. In the first part, the music is classical (Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms) and the teacher reads the text slowly and solemnly, with attention to the dynamics of the music. The students follow the text in their books. This is followed by several minutes of silence. In the second part, they listen to baroque music (Bach, Corelli, Handel) while the teacher reads the text in a normal speaking voice. During this time they have their books closed. During the whole of this session, their attention is passive; they listen to the music but make no attempt to learn the material.

Beforehand, the students have been carefully prepared for the language learning experience. Through meeting with the staff and satisfied students they develop the expectation that learning will be easy and pleasant and that they will successfully learn several hundred words of the foreign language during the class. In a preliminary talk, the teacher introduces them to the material to be covered, but does not 'teach' it. Likewise, the students are instructed not to try to learn it during this introduction.

Some hours after the two-part session, there is a follow-up class at which the students are stimulated to recall the material presented. Once again the approach is indirect. The students do not focus their attention on trying to remember the vocabulary, but focus on using the language to communicate (e.g. through games or improvised dramatisations). Such methods are not unusual in language teaching. What is distinctive in the suggestopedic method is that they are devoted entirely to assisting recall. The 'learning' of the material is assumed to be automatic and effortless, accomplished while listening to music. The teacher 's task is to assist the students to apply what they have learned paraconsciously, and in doing so to make it easily accessible to consciousness. Another difference from conventional teaching is the evidence that students can regularly learn 1000 new words of a foreign language during a suggestopedic session, as well as grammar and idiom.

Lozanov experimented with teaching by direct suggestion during sleep, hypnosis and trance states, but found such procedures unnecessary. Hypnosis, yoga, Silva mind-control, religious ceremonies and faith healing are all associated with successful suggestion, but none of their techniques seem to be essential to it. Such rituals may be seen as placebos. Lozanov acknowledges that the ritual surrounding suggestion in his own system is also a placebo, but maintains that without such a placebo people are unable or afraid to tap the reserve capacity of their brains. Like any placebo, it must be dispensed with authority to be effective. Just as a doctor calls on the full power of autocratic suggestion by insisting that the patient take precisely this white capsule precisely three times a day before meals, Lozanov is categoric in insisting that the suggestopedic session be conducted exactly in the manner designated, by trained and accredited suggestopedic teachers.

While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanov and his associates. We can, perhaps, attribute mediocre results to an inadequate placebo effect. The students have not developed the appropriate mind set. They are often not motivated to learn through this method. They do not have enough 'faith'.They do not see it as 'real teaching',especially as it does not seem to involve the 'work' they have learned to believe is essential to learning.

Questions 27-30

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter in boxes 27-30 on your answer sheet.

27 The book Educating Psyche is mainly concerned with

A the power of suggestion in learning.

B a particular technique for learning based on emotions.

C the effects of emotion on the imagination and the unconscious.

D ways of learning which are not traditional.

28 Lozanov 's theory claims that, when we try to remember things,

A unimportant details are the easiest to recall

B concentrating hard produces the best results.

C the most significant facts are most easily recalled.

D peripheral vision is not important.

29 In this passage, the author uses the examples of a book and a lecture to illustrate that

A both of these are important for developing concentration.

B his theory about methods of learning is valid.

C reading is a better technique for learning than listening.

D we can remember things more easily under hypnosis.

30 Lozanov claims that teachers should train students to

A memorise details of the curriculum.

B develop their own sets of indirect instructions.

C think about something other than the curriculum content.

D avoid overloading the capacity of the brain.

Questions 31-36

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 37

In boxes 31-36 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

31 In the example of suggestopedic teaching in the fourth paragraph, the only variable that changes is the music.

32 Prior to the suggestopedia class, students are made aware that the language experience will be demanding.

33 In the follow-up class, the teaching activities are similar to those used in conventional classes.

34 As an indirect benefit, students notice improvements in their memory.

35 Teachers say they prefer suggestopedia to traditional approaches to language teaching.

36 Students in a suggestopedia class retain more new vocabulary than those in ordinary classes.

Questions 37-40

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-K, below.

Write the correct letter, A-K, in boxes 37-40 on your answer sheet.

Suggestopedia uses a less direct method of suggestion than other techniques such as hypnosis. However, Lozanov admits that a certain amount of 37.is necessary in order to convince students, even if this is just a 38.............. . Furthermore, if the method is to succeed, teachers must follow a set procedure. Although Lozanov 's method has become quite 39.the results of most other teachers using this method have been 40.............. .

A spectacular B teaching C lesson

D authoritarian E unpopular F ritual

G unspectacular H placebo I involved

J appropriate K well known

二,剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 参考答案分析 

Question 1

答: B

关键字: wildlife other than bats. . . do not rely on vision. . .

精准定位全文: B 段第2 句: “Bats are not the only creatures to face this difficulty today”.

解决困难的构思: 哪部分得出了除开蝙蝠以外不用視覺导行的种群的事例,B 段讲过诸如此类猎食虫类、深海鱼、海豚等种群是怎样土衣食住行在光源非常少或彻底黑喑的自然环境中,这更非常容易寻找.

Question 2

答: A

关键字: early mammals avoid dying out

原部位: A 段底端第2 句: “In the time when the dinosaurs .”

解决困难的构思: ancestors 等于 early mammals, survive 和 avoid dying out.

Question 3

答: A 关键字: why .hunt in the dark 全文: 第 Reading Passage 1 below. 段 483 句: “Given that there is a living...”

解决困难的构思: 联络语义,相匹配的几句老话,自然选择使蝙蝠在晚间捕食,之后又说,这将会要上溯以往.那时候,霸王龙大白天捕食,因此哺乳动物夜里迫不得已捕食.

Question 4

答: E

关键字: a particular discovery

原部位: E ”段底端第2 字.and much of our scientific understanding of the details..."

答题构思: 了解精准定位句的含意: 用雷达探测基础理论进行对蝙蝠个人行为关键点的最科学研究的了解

Question 5

答: D

关键字: early military echolocation

旧址: D 段的第2 句和最终一段话: “After this technique had been invented....” “Both sides in the Second World War ..."

解决困难的构思: 二战能够 相匹配 {497.

Question 6

答: phantom

关键字: facial vision /pain /arm or leg

精准定位全文: {5 日} 段 503 句 “.like the referred pain in a phantom limb"

答题构思: 根据填好空题的题目 “Facial Vision”,能够 先迅速精准定位到文章内容的 D 一部分, 随后我也能够 在 D 语段} 的 5 个语句中寻找 location 关键词 referred pain.

Question 7

答: echoes/obstacles

关键字: perceiving /ears

精准定位全文: 第 s Go Bats "D 段 516 句、 6 句.the presence of obstacles ”.

解决困难的构思: 这一难题必须用几句话来了解: 感观視覺是根据耳朵里面传送的,尽管盲童沒有观念到这一点儿,可是在日常生活中, 她们的确用自身的节奏感和别的响声的回音来体会道上路障的存有.perceive 这一词在雅思考试学术研究阅读文章考试时数次出現,这就是说 “认知; 觉得; 认知,等于从文中的 sense., 参考答案 echoes 或 obstacles. 是以上边的剖析中算出的}

Question 8

答: depth

关键字: before /instruments /calculated /seabed

精准定位全文: D 段倒数第3 句: “.for example to measure the depth of the sea under a ship"

答题构思: 依照答题的次序,寻找介词 before,,随后寻找 instruments,,迅速寻找题型中的关键字. calculated 的近义词是 measure,,随后取得成功寻找恰当的参考答案 depth.

Question 9

答: submarines

关键字: wartime /finding

原部位: D 段底端第2 句: “After this technique had been invented.”

解决困难的构思: weapons designers 能够 与 wartime, 关联 detection 是 detection 的含意,在题目中是 finding 的近义词.能够 看得出,这儿的参考答案是 submarines. ,提醒考生,假如不会改变复数沒有评分.

Question 10

答: natural selection

关键字: radar/resulted in/radar-like /bats

全文: E 第1 段: “.or rather natural selection."

解决困难的念头: 难题: 距今雷达探测创造发明以前,蝙蝠中繁杂的相近雷达探测的系统软件是啥超进化而成的?Sophisticated 这一词指的是 “略微聚集的; 繁杂的,

侯选人必须找到为何蝙蝠有精准的精准定位专业技能.这儿沒有出現联接的缘故,可是 perfect 这一词能够 告诉他人们它是1个大自然的挑选,因此恰当的参考答案是 natural selection.

Question 11

答: radio waves/echoes

关键字: not used

精准定位全文: E 段第2 句: “It is technically incorrect to.”

解决困难的念头: 这一话题讨论说蝙蝠也应用雷达探测事实上是有误的,由于他们不应用雷达探测.导行时 not used 是关键词.题目以普攻视频语音的方式出現.文章内容变积极了,可是由于关键形容词 use 沒有变,因此难题非常简单.标准答案是 radio waves.

Question 12

答: mathematical theories

关键字: radar /sonar/similar

精准定位全文: 第 which are based on 段 574 句: “But the underlying mathematical theories.”

解决困难的构思: 句意: 雷达探测和声纳是应用场景相近的数据信号的.最先在 E 段的后边寻找2个关键字 radar 和 sonar,随后在 similar, 室内空间中寻找要添充的专有名词.这儿的词序早已更改了,可是還是非常容易寻找参考答案 mathematical theories, 由于必须数最多2个英语单词来弥补题目中的空白页,因此没法填好前边的 underlying.

Question 13

答: zoologist

关键字: echolocation/first /someone

精准定位全文: E 段最终一段话: “The American zoologist.”

解决困难的念头: 初次应用声纳这一词的人的岗位是 _ _.要是你了解 coin 这一词有 “创造发明; 造就; 生产制造” 的含意,我也能够 非常容易地将它与 first 联络起來 used. 依据文章内容,这一词是由1个叫 Donald Griffin 的 zoologist 创造发明的,获得了参考答案.

剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 参考答案分析 Passage 2 Question 14

答: xi

关键字: ancient

原部位: A 出現在 the Roman Empire 段最终几句

解决困难的构思: 本段第1 句话,为古时候水资源管理要求了本段的主题思想.接下去,城区的发展趋势产生了堤坝和排水渠的发展趋势,最终叙述了罗马帝国全盛时期的水利工程系统软件.因此这每段的主题风格是古时候的直饮水系统.

Question 15

答: vii

关键字: health

初始部位: C {第2} 的最终一段话出現在 sanitation, "preventable water-related diseases kill 的倒数第二中."

解决困难的构思: C 段最终几句说: 每日约有 100-200万少年儿童丧生与水相关的各种各样可防止的病症.新的直接证据说明,人们处理所述难题的勤奋白费力气.尽管在首句中我觉得不上身心健康和供电的关联,可是在阅读文章了下边的文本后,我能觉得到创作者在讨论身心健康,非常是, 出現英语单词 sanitation 后,大部分能够 明确参考答案是 vii .

Question 16

答: v

关键字: effect

精准定位全文: D 语段整篇从第2 句刚开始

解决困难的构思: D 段是说明性语段.用第1 句话而言,“人们水源现行政策的不良影响远沒有伤害人们身心健康这么简单.”很显著,这每段并不是有关身心健康的,但一起人们也确定 C 段是有关身心健康的.那麼本人身心健康完毕后,你要谈一谈宇宙的身心健康吗?因而,侯选人在这里每段中找到 freshwater fish…threatened…endangered…degrade…soil quality…reduce…agricultural productivity…这些,在与自然环境有关的同样語言中,因此沒有必需阅读文章总决赛,侯选人应当早已可以见到这一难题的参考答案是 v.

Question 17

答: i

关键字: revision, policy

全文: E 段第1 句 答题构思: 第 E 段首句说: “At the outset of the new millennium,however,the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change ”. 这话中的 changed 能够 相匹配于 revision.学生还可以在第三中寻找 Some water experts are now} demanding.它是参考答案中的 scientists call for..下边的学生可以找 this shift in philosophy, 这一点儿在全部语段中能够 相匹配 policy. ,shift, shifting 及其别的表达持续转变的英语单词出現,因此最好的参考答案是 i.

Question 18

答: ix

关键字: surprisingly downward

全文: F 段第1 句

F 段首句老话: Fortunately -and unexpectedly -the demand for water is not 语段最终几句中提及的 rising as rapidly as some predicted. F: And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen. 拼在一起,能够 与 heading 中的 “令人震惊降低发展趋势” 对比,它是1个非常好的挑选.

Question 19

答: ii

关键字: explanation, reduced

全文: G 段第1 句

答题构思: What explains this remarkable turn of events? 几句中的 turn of events 就是指 {664 段中提及的水要求降低,因而,参考答案应当是 ii..假如备选将 F 段与 G 段联接,则会发觉选择项的逻辑性完整性.

ix: a surprising downward trend in demand for water

ii: an explanation for reduced water use

Question 20

答: x

关键字: raise, standard

精准定位全文: H 段第2 句: “But such projects must be.”

解决困难的构思: 677 段的 {第2} higher specifications 相当于选择项中的 raise standards,.参考答案是 x. 也更非常容易了解

Question 21

答: NO

关键字: Ancient Rome

精准定位全文: A 段最终一段话: “At the height of the Roman Empire.”在罗马帝国的全盛时期,有 9 人 以自主创新的方法铺装关键水利工程系统软件、污水管道和排水管道,为城镇居民供电.那时候,罗马帝国的平均需水量与工业生产社会发展的很多地区非常.

答题构思: 关键字是 as much.as, 这一语句与题目中的 higher than 矛盾,二者显著不配对.因此参考答案是 NO.

Question 22

答: YES

关键字: irrigation system 或按序标准在 B 中的部位

原部位: B 段底端第2 句: “Food production has kept pace with .” 粮食供应可以紧跟人口数量猛增的脚步,这根本原因人工服务喷灌系统的发展趋势使全球粮食产量提升了 40%.

答题构思: 题中 feeding increasing population 相匹配原文中的 Food production has kept pace with 难题中的 soaring populations, due primarily to 在文字中变成 mainly because of, ,在难题中变成 improved irrigation system 是文字中的 expansion of artificial irrigation systems.

Question 23


关键字: ancient Greeks and Romans

精准定位全文: C ”段第1 句.with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans “全世界一大半的人口数量比古罗马和古巴比伦的水越来越少.


题目中的古罗马和古巴比伦总算出現了,可是紧紧围绕它,沒有1个叫法是当代人效仿了她们的水利工程系统软件.从上边的语句中,这一依据本质就不可以详细介绍,看得见的话题讨论彻底沒有提及设计风格NOT GIVEN.

Question 24

答: NO

关键字: industrial growth 全文: 第 which are based on 段 714 句、第3 句: “Although population, industrial output.has actually fallen ”. 尽管在资本主义国家,人口数量仍在持续增长,工业生产和经济发展仍在迅速发展趋势,但地表水和地下水的采掘速率早已变缓.在全球某些地区,大家对水源的要求乃至降低了.

解决困难构思: 题目称,工业生产提高提升了对水的总体要求,而文章内容称,速率进而变缓,乃至要求明显下降.二者显著是分歧的,因此参考答案是 NO.

Question 25

答: YES

关键字: modem technologies, domestic 或依照 24 个难题的次序寻找 G 段 精准定位全文: G 第四段 “But since 1980”."可是自打 1980 年至今,平均需水量的确明显下降,这关键是因为一连串新技术应用在家中和工业生产节约用水中的功效.

解决困难的构思: 文中对 decreased 题目中相匹配的 reduction, 的全部需水量开展了减少.它是 YES. 的1个非常容易区别的别

Question 26


关键字: government, water infrastructures

精准定位全文: H 语段坐落于第1 句的 infrastructure

解决困难的构思: 全文只说将来要基本建设各种各样设备,但沒有提及國家是不是应当有水利设施,是不是应当有水利设施,更沒有提及國家是不是应当有水利设施,

剑桥雅思 7 阅读文章 Test1 参考答案分析 Passage 3

Question 27

答: D

关键字: Educating Psyche

原精准定位: 第1 段首句: “Educating Psyche by Bemie Neville is .”

答题构思: 创作者在刚开始就把这这书的主题思想表明出去,就是说有关激进派的新的教学策略.题目中的 mainly concern 等于文字中的 look at; radical new 这2个形容词在 D 选择项中等于 not traditional,, 因此能够 分辨标准答案是 D. 某些同学被 C 困惑,由于仿佛 emotion, imagination, unconscious 那样的词句也出現在文章正文的首段,细心分辨 the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning 这话会发觉,这是有关感情、想像和无意识对学习培训的危害,而并不是感情对想像和无意识的危害,这话在 C {它是1个典型性的搞混专业术语.

Question 28

答: A

关键字: Lozanov 's theory

精准定位全文: “{第2} 第2 段 757.”

解决困难的构思: 这话以后,张老师马上举了2个事例: 念书和听演说.人们沒有记牢这这书的內容或演说的主题风格,可是,追忆演讲人的色调、订装、字体样式和外型更非常容易, 乃至是会堂里坏掉的中央空调.与主题风格对比,这种小关键点无足轻重.创作者栩栩如生的事例表明题目中常说的 "当你试着记牢一点儿,人们常常记牢某些无关痛痒的关键点",因此参考答案是 A

Question 29

答: B

关键字: book/lecture

原精准定位: 第2 段

解决困难的构思: 因为文章内容不包含此选择项的內容,侯选人能够 清除 C.D 选择项中提及的摧眠在第2 段中本质沒有提及,还可以立即清除.在 A 和 B 项中,A 与文字中叙述的內容不配对.课文内容是用2个事例来了解人们的记忆力,因此是记牢了无关痛痒的关键点,而并不是表明和演说推动集中注意力集中化的必要性.因而 B 是恰当的参考答案,文中得出的2个事例就等于论述,证实他有关教学策略的基础理论是合情合理的.

Question 30

答: C

关键字: Lozanov

原精准定位: 第3 段底端 “{第2}.” 772 字

解决困难的念头: 选择项 C 中的 something other than the curriculum content 能够 与前几句中的 shifted away 相符合 from the curriculum to focus on something peripheral 相匹配.即便侯选人本质不清楚 peripheral 这一词,它还可以来源于 shift away 语句猜想聚焦从 curriculum 迁移到别的地区,随后恰当的参考答案将会是 C

Question 31


关键字: in the fourth paragraph

精准定位全文: 第七段最后至第四句 “.the teacher reads the text slowly and solemnly…in the second part …while the teacher reads the text in a normal speaking voice."


文中提及了课堂教学的2个环节: 从古典乐曲的第一个环节到巴洛克音乐的第二个环节, 老师也从第一个环节的 “用迟缓而庄重的语调朗读课文” 变化为 “用一切正常的语调朗读课文”下一个环节,证实更改的不仅是歌曲,也有教师的阅读方法. Question 32


关键字: prior to

精准定位全文: 文章内容第2 段第五句: “through meeting with the staff.” 根据与对这类学习语言方法觉得令人满意的学生和老师沟通交流,她们产生了这种期待,即下多次学习培训将会简易轻轻松松

答题构思: 从文中的 easy and pleasant 与题目中的 demanding 矛盾,看得见参考答案应是 FALSE Question 33


关键字: follow-up

全文: 第四段第六句: “Such methods are not unusual in language teaching”

答题构思: 这种方式在語言课堂教学中是很普遍的.弦外之音是教学策略事件课程内容中应用的教学策略为 games 或 improvised dramatisation, 也用以一般课堂教学.推断事件课程内容选用与传统式课堂教学相近的教学方法.

Question 34


关键字: improvements in their memory

原精准定位: 第六段最终几句 “Another difference from conventional teaching is .” 与传统式的教学方式不一样,在简接暗示着下,大学生一般 能够 轻轻松松记牢 1000 个新英语单词、英语的语法点和四字成语.

解决困难的构思: 张老师简易地说,应用默示法的大学生记牢 1000 字,这比传统式教学策略的实际效果要高.可是,并非说记牢 1000 个英语单词就代表她们的记忆力获得了提升.依据文章内容中得出的直接证据,人们不可以推测这一依据.因此参考答案是 NOT GIVEN

Question 35


关键字: teachers

原精准定位: 第六段最终几句 “Another difference from conventional teaching is .”

解决困难的构思: 文章内容中提及 suggestopedia 和 conventional teaching, 但关键讲的是二者的差别和联络,并沒有表明教师对二者的钟爱,因此参考答案是 NOT GIVEN.

Question 36


关键字: new vocabulary

原精准定位: 第六段最终几句 “Another difference from conventional teaching is .” (与传统式教学方式的另外不同点是,在简接暗示法下,大学生一般 能够 轻轻松松地记牢 1000 个新英语单词、英语的语法点和四字成语.)

解决困难的构思: conventional teaching 在题型中等于 ordinary class, difference 暗示教学法比传统式教学方式更优秀,后面一种则注重在暗示法下,大学生最方便能够一起记牢 1000 个新英语单词,显而易见, 比传统式的教学策略有大量的记忆力.因此参考答案是 TRUE.

Question 37

答: F

关键字: hypnosis/however/a certain amount/convince

全文: 第四段第七句: “Lozanov acknowledges that .”

解决困难的构思: 与摧眠等别的方式对比,暗示教学法应用的暗示着方式不那麼立即.殊不知,Lonazov 认可,虽然 37 仅仅 38,但以便说动大学生,依然必须必须总数的 37.

翻阅 Lozanov acknowledges,迅速寻找文章内容 a,后边跟随 38 个空字 H placebo, 回到头顶部,寻找以前出現在词典中的专有名词,学生获得 F ritual

Question 38

答: H

关键字: hypnosis/however/a certain amount/convince

全文: 第四段第七句: “Lozanov acknowledges that .”

解决困难的构思: 从 Lozanov acknowledges 中放眼望去,迅速寻找文章内容 a,后边是要填 38 空} 的字 H placebo

Question 39

答: K

关键字: follow a set procedure/although/most other teacher

全文精准定位: 最终每段第1 句: “While suggestopedia has gained.”

答题构思: 题型中的句子翻译: 并且,教学策略要想取得成功,老师务必遵照一整套课堂教学程序流程.尽管 Lozanov 的方式早已越来越十分 39 殊不知,大部分别的教师的結果是 40

文章内容说,默示教学方式 gained some notoriety. notoriety 是这一难题的重要.这一词原本是出名的,但这儿用的是著名的意思.随后 K well known 显而易见比 spectacular 更适合,因此应当为 39 个难题挑选 K.

Question 40

答: G

关键字: follow a set procedure/although/most other teacher

全文精准定位: 最终每段第1 句: “While suggestopedia has gained.”

答题构思: 依据文章内容,L 的方式是 spectacular.那麼教师的結果应当是反过来的,因此应当在 G unspectacular. 中填好 40 个空的

以上张老师为大家带来的就是关于剑桥雅思7 阅读答案的内容

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

发表于 2019-08-31
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