Today, in many countries, people are living in a 'throwaway society' where things are used for a short time and then thrown away. What do you think are the causes and what problems may it lead to?
Over-consumptionand excessiveproduction of short-lived or disposable itemsis a global phenomenon. Consumerismand rapid advancement of technology are the main reasons contributing to this phenomenon. The effect of this trend is so extraordinary and deep that it will someday challenge our own existence, and implementationof effective measures should be immediately taken. (54 words, 几句话打头)
To begin with,consumerism is a social and economic ideology that encourages people to purchase more products and services in an ever-increasing amount. (首句话,topic sentence) Our materialistic lifestyle fuels this habit and we change our cell phones, cars and other household equipment more frequently than ever. Some people purchase consumer goodsin a way that they are never contented with the items they already have and want to acquire more than they need. Shopping is no longer a necessityand has turned out to be an activity for many. Thus,the society are producing an overwhelming amount of wastagesand a little effort has been in place to recycle used items. (109 words, 五句话行为主体段)
Secondly,the rapid advancement of technologylurespeople to place convenience, efficiency, andfadover thriftiness and environmentally-friendly lifestyle. (首句话,topic sentence) On one hand, the rise of the middle- income people globally and their desire to mimicrich people temptsthem to adopt a technology centric lifestyle. These peopleinvariably regard the latest-tech products have better features than the previous generation. On the other hand,traditional lifestyle and skills are almost gone as more people adopt a throw-away lifestyle, and we want to buy everything rather than create them. For instance,the number of people who rely on canned and packaged foodrather than cooking at home is a great example that shows theparadigm shift towards a busy and ready-madesocial lifestyle. (118 words, 五句话行为主体段)
The problems that the throw-away society and consumerism tendency create are overwhelming. This is a degradationof human moral as a massive number of poor people are starving, on one hand,million tons of foods are being wasted in some countries on the other hand.Thebanefulwaste and chemical garbageare polluting our environment while we are remaining busy to buy more electronic products. The global warming, temperature rise, and extinction of many species are just the beginning and if we fail to take effective measures to stop this heinous trend, we will be destroying our future. (98 words, 答复题型的下一个难题)
To conclude, people’s over-consumption and desire to have more have contributed to a throwaway society. Advancement of technology, and social and economic structure have all fueledthis trend even faster. Without a shadow of doubt,the time has come for us to step forward and take steps to hinder the damage to our environment. (54 words,几句话小结段) (433 words)
In the future, it is expected that there will be a higher proportion of older people than younger people in many countries. It is a positive or negative development?
Population ageinghas emerged as a global phenomenon in the wake ofthe now virtually universal decline in fertility and increases in life expectancy. Numerous countries are confronted with new demographic realitiesthat spread from the cities to the villages. I contend bluntly that more problems than benefits will surface with this trend. (thesis statement) (53 words, 几句话打头段)
Admittedly, older people often have time to offer for the benefit of family and the community.(topic sentence,主题风格句) For example, the young tend to rely on the older generation for household chores. It is also reported that time devoted to voluntary work and care is at its height within the age groups over 55. Besides,senior retirees can also work longer as consultants for various organizations of their fields. Such devotion adds greatly to the community well-being, if not to the GDP. (80 words, 五句话行为主体论述段)
Population ageing,however,brings about serious economic and social problems. (topic sentence,主题风格句) When the number of workers decreases, the national income goes down. At the same time,as a person's use of health services increases significantly in the later years of their life, an ageing population causes a relative rise in the public resources required for pensions, health and residential care outlays. Moreover, with an ageing population, the problems associated with the "sandwich generation", people who have both children and parents to look after, have gained increasing prominence.Members of this "in-between" generation are often torn between the needs of raising children, caring for ageing parents and job responsibilities. (107 words, 五句话行为主体段论述段)
To sum up,population ageing is an inevitable prospect, the negative effects of which outweigh the positive. As ageing is a normal part of lifecycle for human beings, we must recognize its challenges to our life and society, and work on effective strategies to minimize its adverseinfluences. (48 words, 末尾段)