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2016年11月19日雅思写作真题分析

日期:2016-12-07| 阅读(910)[来源:麦考瑞雅思]

2016年11月19日雅思考试这道大作文题目非常有意思,与11月5日这篇在内容选择上呼应起来,本质上都是在讨论‘independece'或者'living alone' 的问题。在强化训练手册P28面命中了11月5日雅思写作题后,紧跟着强化训练手册P29(见下图)面再次命中类似考题。区别是真题中增加了原因分析,将报告类和辩论类题型混合起来。麦考瑞雅思向来认为:雅思写作高分不是押题押出来的,而是实打实练出来的。麦考瑞雅思先求教学生写对(基础观点逻辑、句型用词语法),再训练写快(一共就60分钟要写400字,平均每分钟要至少写8-10个字),最后追求写好(雅思写作7分要求,用词句型的合适度和美感,观点和逻辑的精细雕琢严丝合缝)。

 

2016年11月19日雅思考试真题分析和考点发散

 

作者:麦考瑞雅思  焦若男老师

Nowadays, the number of people are choosing to live by themselves increase rapidly in recent years. Why is this the case? Is the positive or negative development of society?

Keyword: solitude(社会类)

Analysis:

一. 本题目为比较少见的辩论和陈述混合型题目。首先让考生陈述“人们选择独居”的现象的原因,再者要求考生辩论该现象是正面的还是负面的。

本片可分为四个部分:(在此不对本题的开头段和结尾段作详细构思,仅对Body段进行内容和结构分析。)

Part 1:Introduction

Part 2: reasons

Part 3: argument

Part 4: conclusion

 

二. Part 2和part 3可选择的结构如下:

可选择结构一:两个Body 段,body 1陈述原因(2-3个,论证充分),body 2辩论是为消极还是积极的趋势。

可选择结构二:三个Body段,body 1和body 2各自陈述一个原因,论证广度必须充分,逻辑合理,body 3辩论为消极还是积极的趋势。

 

三. PART 2-Reasons:

No.1 A majority of millennials, especially Chinese, choose to travel across the country after graduation to pursue their dreams, when they have no choice but to live alone given the fact that all their family and friends are thousands miles away.

No.2 The fast pace of life force people to cut down on time cost in other areas such as socializing or dating, and most of the time living by themselves seems more time-efficient as well as keeps them highly focused on their career without all the seemingly worthless emotional attachment.

No.3 Another possible reason behind this increasing number of people choosing solitude is that people, mostly in large cities, are becoming so isolated and socially challenged that the very thought of sharing a life with one or two close friends or loved ones is frightening. In other words, they are losing their inborn ability as a gregarious animal.

 

四. PART 3-Argument:

Some people may be rooting for this development since it can potentially boost the national economy if workers are more concentrated and productive. As I see it, however, this kind of argument is rather short-sighted. We human are natural social animal and living against this basic instinct is in a degree morbid. It may be true that economy is relatively boosted in the short term, but the isolation and loneliness is far more damaging to a person in the long run, ending up destroying traditional society units which has managed to keep human societies stable for thousands of years.

该辩论部分分析:观点为“独居的人越来越多”的现象是一种消极的变化。论证方法:让步转折论证——尽管有些人认为独居让人更专注,从而更加高效、专注,有利于国家经济发展;但是,在我看来,这种观点是短视的。因为如果失去群居的能力,在长期将会导致致命的后果。

另外注意,argument 部分是对第二个问题的回答。既然是辩论性问题,可取的回应方式是对矛盾(这种现象到底是积极的还是消极的)的另一方观点(这种现象是积极的)进行一定程度的反驳,从而达到辩论的效果,证明自己的论据(这种现象是消极的)。故此,回应第二个辩论型问题的大框架论证方法最好是让步+转折(承认对方的可取性,再通过自身观点合理性对对方立场加以反驳)

 

五. Reasons 和Argument 部分的语法亮点(部分):

1.插入语:A majority of millennials, especially Chinese, choose to travel…

2.非限定性定语从句:A majority of millennials, especially Chinese, choose to travel across the country after graduation to pursue their dreams, when they have no choice but to live alone…

3.并列句

4.表语从句:Another possible reason behind this increasing number of people choosing solitude is that people, mostly in large cities, are becoming…

5.原因状语从句:Some people may be rooting for this development since it can potentially boost the national economy if workers are more concentrated and productive.

 

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